No scientific reason available to assume link between BPA uptake and MIH

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Sep 27 2018Depending on symptomatic and phenotypic severity the condition of chalky teeth is categorized into three levels. The symptoms of chalky teeth were first described in 1978, with the term molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) introduced in 2001. The condition is the consequence of a delineated defect in tooth enamel development which affects at least one of the permanent back teeth (molars) and, under certain circumstances, will also comprise the incisors. According to recent media coverage such tooth defects are claimed to be attributable to the uptake of Bisphenol A (BPA).Amongst a wide range of various products BPA can also occur in food contact materials. Its use in the manufacture of baby bottles has been banned since 2011. Reports of a possible connection between MIH and BPA-exposure are based on a study by Jedeon et al. (2013) which examined the connection between BPA exposure and mineralization defects of tooth enamel in rats. In subsequent publications the authors reported that the mineralization disturbances occurred mainly in male (up to 71%) and less frequently in female rats (only up to 31%) (Jedeon et al., 2016a; Jedeon et al., 2014), and identified selected hormone-controlled signaling pathway as potential molecular targets (Houari et al., 2016).The German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) has evaluated the study (Jedeon et al., 2013) and concludes that there is currently no scientific reason to assume a connection between the uptake of BPA the occurrence of MIH in children. According to recent data from the Netherlands, oral uptake of BPA in highly-exposed children amounts to 0.14 micrograms (μg) per kilogram (kg) body weight and day. This is is 35 times lower than the dose used by Jedeon et al. (2013). In conjunction with the different toxicokinetic behavior of BPA in humans a direct connection between BPA and MIH therefore appears unlikely in humans under conditions of expectable real-life exposure.Related StoriesResearch team receives federal grant to study obesity in children with spina bifidaResearch reveals genetic cause of deadly digestive disease in childrenGuidelines to help children develop healthy habits early in lifeIt should be noted that the study of Jedeon et al. is subject to several limitations, which limit its transferability. The examination in 2013 was conducted exclusively on male rats with only one dose of BPA being used. Later studies showed that the respective findings were considerably weaker or non-existent in females (Jedeon et al., 2014). It also appears that missing effects on day 100 of postnatal development were not put sufficiently into context. The findings of other groups from multigenerational studies on rats and mice, some of which used very high BPA doses with no reported tooth damage, were not taken into consideration.The condition of MIH occurs in Europe with a frequency of 3-22 %, with a worldwide occurrence of 2-40 % (Elhennawy et al., 2017). Various reasons are assumed to contribute to this occurrence. Epidemiological studies point for example to maternal diseases during the last quarter of pregnancy, complications during birth or frequent illness in the first year of the born child (possibly also connected too high fever). Other reasons discussed are low blood levels of vitamin D as well as early intake of the antibiotic amoxicilli. Other studies report on a possible connection between MIH and increased exposure to dioxin, for under 5-year olds with high serum levels of tetrachlorodibenzo dioxin (TCDD) in Seveso later showed an increased prevalence of MIH.Altogether it appears that MIH is caused by a variety of factors and thus has to be considered a multifactorial condition (Schneider and Silva, 2018). Source:https://www.bfr.bund.de/cm/349/connection-between-chalky-teeth-in-children-and-the-uptake-of-bisphenol-a-not-likely.pdflast_img read more

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Nutrition has bigger positive impact on bone mass and strength than exercise

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Oct 17 2018One question that scientists and fitness experts alike would love to answer is whether exercise or nutrition has a bigger positive impact on bone strength.University of Michigan researchers looked at mineral supplementation and exercise in mice, and found surprising results–nutrition has a greater impact on bone mass and strength than exercise. Further, even after the exercise training stopped, the mice retained bone strength gains as long as they ate a mineral-supplemented diet.”The longer-term mineral-supplemented diet leads to not only increases in bone mass and strength, but the ability to maintain those increases even after detraining,” said David Kohn, a U-M professor in the schools of dentistry and engineering. “This was done in mice, but if you think about the progression to humans, diet is easier for someone to carry on as they get older and stop exercising, rather than the continuation of exercise itself.”Related StoriesStudy: Megakaryocytes play an important role in cell migrationResearchers identify molecular pathway underpinning exercise and improved motor learningLiver fat biomarker levels linked with metabolic health benefits of exercise, study findsThe second important finding is that the diet alone has beneficial effects on bone, even without exercising. This surprised Kohn, who expected exercise with a normal diet to fuel greater gains in bone strength, but that wasn’t the case.”The data suggests the long-term consumption of the mineral-supplemented diet could be beneficial in preventing the loss of bone and strength with age, even if you don’t do exercise training,” he said.Combining the two amplifies the effect.Most other studies look at effects of increasing dietary calcium, Kohn said. The U-M study increased calcium and phosphorous, and found benefits to increasing both.This isn’t to suggest that people run out and buy calcium and phosphorus supplements, Kohn said. The findings don’t translate directly from mice to humans, but they do give researchers a conceptual place to start.It’s known that humans achieve peak bone mass in their early 20s, and after that it declines. The question becomes how to maximize the amount of bone when young, so that when declines do begin, people start from a better position, Kohn said.In addition to testing bone mass and strength, Kohn and colleagues performed a full battery of mechanical assessments on the bone, which is important because the amount of bone doesn’t always scale with or predict the mechanical quality of the tissue.They tested the mice after eight weeks of training and supplemented diet or normal diet, and then after eight weeks of detraining. Source:http://www.umich.edu/last_img read more

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Anabolic steroids may increase risk of early death in men

first_img Source:https://newsroom.wiley.com/press-release/journal-internal-medicine/anabolic-steroids-linked-higher-rates-premature-death-men Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Nov 21 2018Men who use androgenic anabolic steroids—such as testosterone—may face a higher risk of early death and of experiencing more hospital admissions, according to a new Journal of Internal Medicine study.For the study, 545 men who used androgenic anabolic steroids were matched with 5,450 controls. In addition, 644 men who were sanctioned because they refused to submit to a doping test and 6440 controls were included as a replication cohort.Related StoriesStudy: Two-thirds of pneumonia patients receive more antibiotics than they probably needHave cancer, must travel: Patients left in lurch after hospital closesBordeaux University Hospital uses 3D printing to improve kidney tumor removal surgeryOver an average follow-up of 7.4 years, there were seven (1.3 percent) deaths among users of androgenic anabolic steroids and 23 (0.4 percent) among participants in the control group, translating to a three-times higher risk of death associated with androgenic anabolic steroids. The median annual number of hospital contacts was 0.81 in the androgenic anabolic steroid users and 0.36 in the controls. Acne, gynaecomastia, and erectile dysfunction affected more than 10 percent of the androgenic anabolic steroid users, and the prevalence of these disorders was significantly higher than in the control group. Similar results were seen in the replication cohort.”This study has shown that anabolic steroids are associated with a range of side effects that can be directly attributed to their pharmacological activities,” said lead author Dr. Henrik Horwitz, of the University of Copenhagen, in Denmark.last_img read more

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Girls who gain weight rapidly at childhood are more likely to be

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Dec 4 2018Girls who gain weight more rapidly between the ages of 5 and 15 are more likely to be obese at age 24, according to researchers.”This highlights the importance of prevention efforts in childhood and adolescence,” said Emily Hohman, assistant research professor of the Center for Childhood Obesity Research. The center is a college-wide collaboration of researchers from Penn State and elsewhere focused on evidence-based research that can be applied to treatment and prevention programs.The Penn State researchers completed a follow-up study using data collected from a 10-year longitudinal observational study done by other researchers. In the original study, the researchers gathered 197 non-Hispanic white girls all 5 years in age.The original study found four different BMI trajectory groups based on patterns of growth between the ages of 5 and 15. The four groups were classified as accelerated weight gain from ages 5 to 15; accelerated weight gain from 5 to 9 followed by a leveling-off; weight tracked along the 60th percentile; and weight tracked along the 50th percentile. The previous study had found that the first group — accelerated weight gain from ages 5 to 15 — had higher fasting insulin, blood pressure and triglycerides at age 15 than the other groups.Related StoriesMetabolic enzyme tied to obesity and fatty liver diseaseMaternal obesity may negatively affect children’s lung developmentUCR biomedical professor to investigate how body’s cannabis-like molecules influence obesityThe follow-up study tracked down 182 of the 197 original participants when they were 24 years old, 10 years after last contact. The researchers sent surveys that asked the women to self-report their weight, height, education level, dieting, relationship, student and work status. The women who reported having a child were excluded from the follow-up.The researchers found the accelerated weight gain from ages 5 to 15 group had a 93 percent rate of overweight or obesity at age 24 compared to just 20 to 37 percent in the other three groups.”There is a need for prevention in young adulthood, too,” said Hohman. “Kids are going off to college, getting their first jobs, and leaving home. This is another critical window where long-term health habits can develop, and obesity risk might increase.”A high BMI throughout childhood is associated with negative health outcomes in adulthood including obesity, cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to the paper, which was made available online in July 2018 ahead of peer-review and publication this month in Eating Behaviors.”We found that about 20 to 30 percent of girls who did not have accelerated weight gain in childhood or adolescence ended up having overweight or obesity at age 24,” said Hohman.This shows how eating behaviors and lifestyle choices can impact BMI as well.For future work, the researchers plan to test additional psychological and physiological measures in person.”We would love to bring the women back in to get additional data on eating behaviors and health,” said Hohman. “We just need to find the funding.”Source: https://www.psu.edu/last_img read more

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Researchers explore how glial cells develop in the brain from neural precursor

first_imgReviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Dec 10 2018Two types of cells are active in the brain: nerve cells and glial cells. The latter have long been regarded primarily as supportive cells, but it is increasingly recognized that they play an active role in the communication between neurons in the brain. What is more, according to current research, glial cells are also involved in the development of neurodegenerative diseases. A research team led by Professor Benedikt Berninger of the Institute of Physiological Chemistry at the Mainz University Medical Center has now produced new findings that may also help identifying what goes awry with glia in neurodegeneration. They studied how glial cells develop in the brain from neural precursor cells. The researchers discovered that differentiation involves three stages and that three proteins in the cell nucleus, so-called transcription factors, play a key role in organizing glia-specific transcription of the genes in the cell nucleus. The new findings have recently been published in Cell Stem Cell.Glial cells are classified into three basic types: astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, both of which are so-called macroglia, and microglia. Astrocytes are the most common type and make up roughly 80 percent of the total number of glial cells. They are generated from cells known as radial glia or neural precursor cells. As Professor Benedikt Berninger and his team have now discovered using RNA sequencing, which is a method of profiling all genes in a cell that are undergoing transcription at a particular point in time, the differentiation process involves three stages. In the first stage, astroglial precursor cells are formed and then multiply by means of cell division. In the second stage, these astroglial precursor cells develop into young, immature astrocytes, which no longer divide. The third and final stage serves to enable the astrocytes to fully mature and become fully functional.Related StoriesResearch team to create new technology for tackling concussionDon’t Miss the Blood-Brain Barrier Drug Delivery (B3DD) Summit this AugustRepurposing a heart drug could increase survival rate of children with ependymoma”Our study shows that the process of astrocyte formation is dynamic and that different genes are active in each of the different phases of the formation of the astroglial cells. These genes are regulated by transcription factors specific to each stage,” explained Berninger. Specifically, the research team was able to show that the transcription factors NFIA and ATF3 are important in initiating the differentiation of early astrocytes from their astroglial progenitors. When it comes to the transition from early astrocytes to fully differentiated astrocytes, the crucial agent is the transcription factor Runx2.As previous studies have demonstrated, malfunctioning of the gene expression in astrocytes can cause these to become toxic to nerve cells. As a consequence, nerve cells die, which is a characteristic symptom of neurodegenerative diseases. “As we have now a better understanding of the processes involved in the formation of astrocytes, we can find out what goes wrong when these cells depart from their normal program and begin to progress down this toxic pathway,” said molecular geneticist Dr. Neha Tiwari, a member of Berninger’s team. “We suspect that the transcription factor Runx2 might have a significant function in preventing astrocytes from becoming reactive. Reactivity of astrocytes does not automatically mean that they become toxic, but it is a precondition,” concluded Berninger. “It may be possible in a future project to explore how Runx2 can be manipulated to prevent astrocytes becoming neurotoxic and thus causing the death of nerve cells.” Source:http://www.uni-mainz.de/eng/last_img read more

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New AI platform detects neurodegenerative diseases in brain tissue samples

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Mar 5 2019Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence platform to detect a range of neurodegenerative disease in human brain tissue samples, including Alzheimer’s disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published in the Nature medical journal Laboratory Investigation. Their discovery will help scientists develop targeted biomarkers and therapeutics, resulting in a more accurate diagnosis of complex brain diseases that improve patient outcomes.The buildup of abnormal tau proteins in the brain in neurofibrillary tangles is a feature of Alzheimer’s disease, but it also accumulates in other neurodegenerative diseases, such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy and additional age-related conditions. Accurate diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases is challenging and requires a highly-trained specialist.Related StoriesMachine learning can be a modern approach in cognitive brain health assessmentArtificial intelligence can help accurately predict acute kidney injury in burn patientsAI technique helps produce high quality CT images at lower dosagesResearchers at the Center for Computational and Systems Pathology at Mount Sinai developed and used the Precise Informatics Platform to apply powerful machine learning approaches to digitized microscopic slides prepared using tissue samples from patients with a spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases. Applying deep learning, these images were used to create a convolutional neural network capable of identifying neurofibrillary tangles with a high degree of accuracy directly from digitized images.”Utilizing artificial intelligence has great potential to improve our ability to detect and quantify neurodegenerative diseases, representing a major advance over existing labor-intensive and poorly reproducible approaches,” said lead investigator John Crary, MD, PhD, Professor of Pathology and Neuroscience at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. “Ultimately, this project will lead to more efficient and accurate diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases.”This is the first framework available for evaluating deep learning algorithms using large-scale image data in neuropathology. The Precise Informatics Platform allows for data managements, visual exploration, object outlining, multi-user review, and evaluation of deep learning algorithm results.Researchers at the Center for Computational and Systems Pathology at Mount Sinai have used use advanced computer science and mathematical techniques coupled with cutting-edge microscope technology, computer vision, and artificial intelligence to more accurately classify a broad array of diseases.”Mount Sinai is the largest academic pathology department in the country and processes more than 80 million tests a year, which offers researchers access to a broad set of data that can be used to improve testing and diagnostics, ultimately leading to better diagnosis and patient outcomes,” said author Carlos Cordon-Cardo, MD, PhD, Chair of the Department of Pathology at the Mount Sinai Health System and Professor of Pathology, Genetics and Genomic Sciences, and Oncological Sciences at the Icahn School of Medicine. Source:https://www.mountsinai.org/about/newsroom/2019/neurodegenerative-diseases-identified-using-artificial-intelligencelast_img read more

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NHS trains doctors using virtual reality to improve care for patients with

first_imgWhen I was in training we’d learn on the wards. It was called ‘see one, do one, teach one’. I had never practiced managing a diabetic emergency until I had to do it in real life. You wouldn’t expect a pilot to fly a plane full of passengers without having practiced first. Why do we think that’s acceptable for doctors and nurses?”Dr  Jack Pottle, Co-founder, Oxford Medical Simulation Oxford Medical Simulation is a great example of the ground-breaking digital companies that the UK is constantly producing, I was hugely impressed when I met the company and tried their technology earlier this year and it’s great that it will now provide training for doctors across the NHS as they treat patients with diabetes.”Margot James, Minister of State for Digital and Creative Industries Embracing technology is at the heart of the NHS Long Term Plan and training doctors using virtual reality is another example of modernizing the NHS to help improve care for patients with diabetes.”Dr  Partha Kar, NHS England Clinical Director of Diabetes Apr 2 2019The NHS England diabetes team has partnered with Oxford Medical Simulation to train doctors using virtual reality. Doctors can now practice in virtual reality medical emergencies, to improve care for patients with diabetes in the real world.Combining clinical expertise from the NHS, volunteer patient input and world-leading virtual reality software, doctors can now put on virtual reality headsets and practice taking care of patients as often as they want, without risking lives.The system is being piloted through Health Education England in a multicenter trial in the South of England, with development funded by Novo Nordisk. If supported by evidence from the pilot there are plans for further roll-outs nationwide throughout 2019.People with Type 1 diabetes have more chance of developing life-threatening complications when in the hospital than outside it. For people with diabetes, extreme highs and lows in blood sugar can be fatal. These emergencies can be difficult for doctors and nurses to recognize but can be fatal if not treated quickly. High-quality training for frontline staff is vital to improve patient care in these situations. Source:https://oxfordmedicalsimulation.com/last_img read more

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Autism enhances characteristics that help at home and at work experts find

first_imgReviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Apr 5 2019Autism enhances characteristics such as loyalty and focus which help those with the condition at work and in their relationships with others, experts have found.A study examining the lives of autistic adults shows the traits which come with having the condition can be useful, but also a burden.Those who took part in the research said they are able to hyperfocus, show attention to detail, had good memory, and were creative. They also said having autism made them more honest, loyal, and increased their empathy for animals and other autistic people.Researchers from the University of Exeter conducted 28 interviews with autistic adults to explore the impact the condition has had on their life.All of those who took part in the Wellcome Trust-funded researchsurvey had received a clinical diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder. Around Over a quarter lived independently and were receiving low-level support, a quarter had mid-level support such as a live-in carer and a quarter were receiving high-level support, in full-time residential care.Overall, most participants talked about autism as a set of qualities they possessed rather than an “illness” they had. Many said they perceived the world differently and had different mental abilities. Some described their exceptional memory in graphic detail, with one saying it was like a “small tape recorder in my head”. Another participant said they would “remember conversations word-for-word”. Some participants said they had hyper perception of colour and shape.The ability to focus was mentioned by almost all participants, variously described as “like zooming in”, and “unwavering focus”. Participants who were employed or at university described their ability to “concentrate” or “hyperfocus” on one task to the exclusion of all else as a huge benefit. This skill was described as tenacity or perseverance, but it could also cause anxiety or exhaustion.Related StoriesStudy: Early screening of autism may not be as beneficial as previously thoughtNeuroscientists find anatomical link between cognitive and perceptual symptoms in autismProblem behaviors may provide clues on gastrointestinal issues in children with autismParticipants described themselves as compassionate and empathetic towards animals or “for others on the spectrum”. Participants said they were open and this was beneficial, but this became a problem when taken too far. Other autistic traits were reliability, integrity and a hatred of lies, as well as an “extreme sense of justice”.Dr Ginny Russell, who led the research, said: “People told us autistic traits can be advantageous or disadvantageous, dependent on the context, including circumstance, perspective, and the extent to which they were under their control. Trying to separate traits as if they were either problematic or advantageous may be misguided.”Talking more about the positive impact of autism may help to foster a more rounded vocabulary in autism discourse for clinicians, autistic individuals, and their families.”Participants described themselves as compassionate and empathetic towards animals or “for others on the spectrum”. Participants said they were open and this was beneficial, but this became a problem when taken too far. Other autistic traits were reliability, integrity and a hatred of lies, as well as an “extreme sense of justice”.Mapping the Autistic Advantage from the Accounts of Adults Diagnosed with Autism: A Qualitative Study is published in the journal Autism in Adulthood.Source: http://www.exeter.ac.uk/news/featurednews/title_711303_en.htmllast_img read more

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New drug minimizes damage after a heart attack by 60 percent

first_imgApr 25 2019Domainex is pleased to announce that a team of its scientists, working in close partnership with Professor Michael Schneider and his team at Imperial College, have found a potential new drug for treating the heart damage caused by a heart attack by targeting the way the heart reacts to stress. The research was published in the journal, Cell Stem Cell, and was part-funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF).ancroft | ShutterstockThe research team used stem cells to grow heart tissue and mimic a ‘heart attack in a dish’ and were able to block the chemical signals within heart muscle that lead to cell death and heart damage.The team, led by BHF Professor Michael Schneider at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, are the first to discover that a protein called MAP4K4 plays a central role in how heart muscle cells die off as a response to the stress of a heart attack. They have managed to develop a potential drug that targets this protein and can minimize damage after a heart attack by 60 percent, in mice.  A heart attack happens when a blood clot blocks one of the main coronary arteries, the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle. The heart is starved of oxygen and nutrients and the muscle produces stress signals that ultimately cause heart cells to die.This means that the heart can’t pump effectively and this can lead to heart failure. Heart failure is a debilitating condition that makes everyday tasks like climbing stairs, or even getting dressed, exhausting.Due in large part to research funded by the BHF, more people than ever before are surviving their heart attack after receiving treatments like stents and clot-busting drugs, but this means that the number of people living with heart failure has risen considerably. There are estimated to be over 900,000 people living with heart failure in the UK.BHF Professor Michael Schneider and his team are working to develop drugs that could be given in the first few hours following a heart attack to minimize heart muscle death caused by the stress signals.These stress signals actually increase dramatically when the blood supply is restored so, although it is vital to resupply the heart with oxygen and nutrients by reopening the blocked coronary artery, additional treatments to counteract any ‘reperfusion injury’ have been sought for decades.It’s hoped the treatment would be developed into an injection that could be given as someone was being prepared to receive balloon angioplasty to open up the blocked coronary artery that caused their heart attack.The treatment is also possibly important for towns and countries where there is limited access to rapid angioplasty.   The researchers made their discovery by studying heart samples from people with heart failure and then showed that MAP4K4 is activated in mice after a heart attack and in heart cells and heart tissue subjected to stress chemicals in the laboratory.They found that if you raise the levels of MAP4K4, heart cells are made more sensitive to stress signals. If you block MAP4K4, the cells are protected and that is what their designed drug can achieve.To mimic what might happen in a clinical setting, the mice were given the drug one hour after the blood flow to their hearts was restored. This showed that the drug could reduce heart damage in mice by around 60 percent.Notoriously, potential treatments from prior research into protection from heart muscle death have not proven effective in large clinical trials, but the team believe targeting this new protein, and testing their results in human heart tissue grown from stem cells before moving to trials in heart attack patients, could be the key to success in this area.These successes have led to a family of potential new drugs being developed for heart attack, with the next steps including rigorous safety testing and a clinical trial, which could start as early as 2021-22. This research was funded by the British Heart Foundation, the Medical Research Council and Wellcome. Professor Metin Avkiran, Associate Medical Director at the British Heart Foundation, which part-funded the research, said:“Coronary heart disease is the major cause of heart attacks and it kills 180 people in the UK each day. Finding a drug that could limit the death of heart muscle during and after a heart attack, and stop the decline towards heart failure, has been a target of research for decades. But, despite a number of promising candidates in the past, we still have no drugs that can do this in routine clinical use. Source:Domainex A unique strength of this study is their extensive testing of the drug in heart muscle cells grown from human stem cells. But further research is needed to refine and test drugs that can target MAP4K4 before we’ll see them given to people who’ve had a heart attack.”center_img There are no existing therapies that directly address the problem of muscle cell death and this would be a revolution in the treatment of heart attacks. One reason why many heart drugs have failed in clinical trials may be that they have not been tested in human cells before the clinic. Using both human cells and animals allows us to be more confident about the molecules we take forward.”Professor Michael Schneider, Lead Researcher, BHF Cambridge medicinal chemistry firm Domainex partnered for the design and manufacture of the drugs tested.Trevor Perrior from Domainex, who made the family of potential drugs said: “Our team were thrilled to work on this exciting new target discovered by Michael’s team. There were several challenges that we had to solve in order to invent a series of potential drug compounds that were potent, selective, and – importantly – suitable for dosing intravenously, and it was enormously gratifying when we were successful and they worked just as Michael had predicted. We look forward to at least one of these compounds progressing towards the clinic for the benefit of patients.”last_img read more

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With pricey electric car Fisker eyes comeback

Citation: With pricey electric car, Fisker eyes comeback (2018, January 10) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-pricey-electric-car-fisker-eyes.html Fisker relaunches electric car effort Henrik Fisker unveiled his $129,000 electric luxury car Tuesday, in a rebooted effort by the renowned auto designer to take on Tesla and other luxury automakers. The Fisker EMotion, which made its debut at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, is part of a comeback effort for Henrik Fisker, a former BMW and Aston Martin designer whose first venture was halted in 2013 after selling only a few thousand vehicles.This time, the company Fisker Inc. is pulling out all the stops for the vehicle, designed with butterfly doors and a sleek sportscar look, semi-autonomous driving, and a range of some 400 miles (650 kilometers) on a single charge.The car, which is still two years from deliveries, “is a new take on the future of a luxury sedan,” Fisker told AFP on the CES show floor.Fisker said the features such as the extended driving range “will make even people sitting on the fence (about electric cars) look at it.”The new effort nonetheless faces an uphill battle in an industry where Tesla is showing rapid growth and other rivals from major automakers to startups—including one other making a debut at the tech show—are producing new electric cars.Fisker is also working on its own battery technology aimed at improving range and speeding the charging time.He hopes to have a charging system that can enable an extra 125 miles in nine minutes.The company is also working on a solid state battery that Fisker maintained could achieve a full charge in one minute.Taking on TeslaLike Tesla, Fisker is also working on a more affordable vehicle that would be priced around $40,000 after the Emotion. And it has designed a self-driving shuttle bus called the Orbit that could also launch in the next few years.Partnering with Fisker is California-based technology firm Quanergy, which is developing the LIDAR used for autonomous driving.The Emotion uses five LIDAR sensors integrated into the body and “it’s the only LIDAR with no moving parts,” said Quanergy CEO Louay Eldada.The launch by Fisker’s new company comes after a high-profile bankruptcy by Fisker Automotive.Before launching his own venture and the Fisker Karma, Fisker designed vehicles including the BMW Z8 and Aston Martin DB89.Other firms at CES appear to be making a play for Tesla clients with electric vehicles with autonomous capabilities.China-based startup Byton announced this week it planned to launch a $45,000 electric car featuring a “digital” lounge with a panoramic display acting as a hub for navigation, entertainment and even monitoring the health of its occupants.Last year, Chinese-backed Faraday Future unveiled its premium electric vehicle but since then have offered few clues on its availability.Still, Tesla remains a target for both established automakers and startups.”In my opinion Tesla is vulnerable,” said Jack Gold, an analyst who follows the tech sector and who was attending CES.In addition to the companies presenting at CES, Gold said, there are a number of other Chinese firms which could use the shift in consumer trends to break into new markets.”I think it’s a big opening for the Chinese. And the Chinese government is subsidizing them.” The electronics show is often used to debut new automotive technology even though it takes place just days ahead of the big Detroit auto show. © 2018 AFP Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. read more

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Control system simulator helps operators learn to fight hackers

first_imgA simulator that comes complete with a virtual explosion could help the operators of chemical processing plants – and other industrial facilities – learn to detect attacks by hackers bent on causing mayhem. The simulator will also help students and researchers understand better the security issues of industrial control systems. Simulated ransomware attack shows vulnerability of industrial controls Screen capture shows a chemical processing plant in which critical parameters are rising due to false process data and control commands injected by an attacker.  Credit: Georgia Institute of Technology Facilities such as electric power networks, manufacturing operations and water purification plants are among the potential targets for malicious actors because they use programmable logic controllers (PLCs) to open and close valves, redirect electricity flows and manage large pieces of machinery. Efforts are underway to secure these facilities, and helping operators become more skilled at detecting potential attacks is a key part of improving security.”The goal is to give operators, researchers and students experience with attacking systems, detecting attacks and also seeing the consequences of manipulating the physical processes in these systems,” said Raheem Beyah, the Motorola Foundation Professor in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. “This system allows operators to learn what kinds of things will happen. Our goal is to make sure the good guys get this experience so they can respond appropriately.”Details of the simulator were presented August 8 at Black Hat USA 2018, and August 13 at the 2018 USENIX Workshop on Advances in Security Education. The simulator was developed in part by Atlanta security startup company Fortiphyd Logic, and supported by the Georgia Research Alliance.The simulated chemical processing plant, known as the Graphical Realism Framework for Industrial Control Simulations (GRFICS), allows users to play the roles of both attackers and defenders – with separate views provided. The attackers might take control of valves in the plant to build up pressure in a reaction vessel to cause an explosion. The defenders have to watch for signs of attack and make sure security systems remain operational.Of great concern is the “man-in-the-middle” attack in which a bad actor breaks into the facility’s control system – and also takes control of the sensors and instruments that provide feedback to the operators. By gaining control of sensors and valve position indicators, the attacker could send false readings that would reassure the operators – while the damage proceeded. “The pressure and reactant levels could be made to seem normal to the operators, while the pressure is building toward a dangerous point,” Beyah said. Though the readings may appear normal, however, a knowledgeable operator might still detect clues that the system has been attacked. “The more the operators know the process, the harder it will be to fool them,” he said. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The GRFICS system was built using an existing chemical processing plant simulator, as well as a 3-D video gaming engine running on Linux virtual machines. At its heart is the software that runs PLCs, which can be changed out to represent different types of controllers appropriate to a range of facilities. The human-machine interface can also be altered as needed to show a realistic operator control panel monitoring reaction parameters and valve controller positions. Provided by Georgia Institute of Technology “This is a complete virtual network, so you can set up your own entry detection rules and play on the defensive side to see whether or not your defenses are detecting the attacks,” said David Formby, a Georgia Tech postdoctoral researcher who has launched Fortiphyd Logic with Beyah to develop industrial control security products. “We provide access to simulated physical systems that allow students and operators to repeatedly study different parameters and scenarios.”GRFICS is currently available as an open source, free download for use by classes or individuals. It runs on a laptop, but because of heavy use of graphics, requires considerable processing power and memory. An online version is planned, and future versions will simulate the electric power grid, water and wastewater treatment facilities, manufacturing facilities and other users of PLCs.Formby hopes GRFICS will expand the number of people who have experience with the security of industrial control systems.”We want to open this space up to more people,” he said. “It’s very difficult now to find people who have the right experience. We haven’t seen many attacks on these systems yet, but that’s not because they are secure. The barrier for people who want to work in the cyber-physical security space is high right now, and we want to lower that.”Beyah and Formby have been working for several years to increase awareness of the vulnerabilities inherent in industrial control systems. While the community still has more to do, Beyah is encouraged.”Several years ago, we talked to a lot of process control engineers as part of the NSF’s I-Corps program,” he said. “It was clear that for many of these folks then, security was not a major concern. But we’ve seen changes, and lots of people are now taking system security seriously.” Explore further Citation: Control system simulator helps operators learn to fight hackers (2018, August 24) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-08-simulator-hackers.html This flow chart shows data flows within a simulated chemical processing facility. Credit: Georgia Institute of Technologylast_img read more

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Operation Lotus has failed Karnataka Congress tweets after SC verdict

first_imgOperation Lotus has failed: Karnataka Congress tweets after SC verdictThe Supreme Court gave full power to Speaker KR Ramesh to decide upon the resignations of the rebel Congress and JD(S) MLAs.advertisement India Today Web Desk New DelhiJuly 17, 2019UPDATED: July 17, 2019 11:14 IST The court order said that the speaker must be permitted to decide on the MLAs’ resignations as he deems appropriate. (Photo: PTI)As the Supreme Court on Wednesday gave full power to Speaker KR Ramesh to decide upon the resignations of the rebel Congress and Janata Dal (Secular) MLAs, the Karnataka Congress hailed the verdict on Twitter.”Operation Lotus has failed. Satyameva Jayate,” the party said in a tweet in Kannada. . . Karnataka Congress (@INCKarnataka) July 17, 2019The court order said that the speaker must be permitted to decide on the MLAs’ resignations as he deems appropriate.Bringing a sense of finality to the political crisis in Karnataka, the Supreme Court held the trust vote called by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the state valid and said that the trust vote in the Karnataka Assembly will take place tomorrow as scheduled.A three-member bench, headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi ruled that the “discretion of speaker should not be fettered by any direction from the court. The speaker is free to decide according to the rules.”In its order, the SC said, “the Karnataka Speaker cannot be forced to take a decision within a time frame.”However, the court dismissed the party whip issued by the Congress and the JD(S) where all MLAs were asked to attend the proceedings in the Karnataka Assembly on July 18, saying that “MLAs cannot be compelled to participate in the proceedings of the house.”READ | Karnataka Crisis: SC rules trust vote valid, gives Speaker power to decide on rebel MLAs’ resignationsALSO WATCH | SC verdict on Karnataka crisis, Mumbai building collapse death toll rises, Floods wreak havoc in Assam, BiharFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byKritika Bansal Tags :Follow Karnataka Nextlast_img read more

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The Worlds Largest Iceberg Is 2 Years Old Today and Already Drifting

first_imgThey grow up so fast. The iceberg called A68 — currently the largest iceberg in the world, weighing about 1.1 trillion tons (1 trillion metric tons) — calved off Antarctica’s Larsen C Ice Shelf on July 12, 2017, two years ago today. What has this massive, frozen toddler been up to since it broke free? Mostly just spinning. As you can see in this awesome time-lapse footage taken over the last 18 months by the European Space Agency’s Sentinel-1 satellites, and shared today by glaciologist Adrian Luckman, the hulking glacier has been steadily spinning away from its native ice shelf, drifting north about 155 miles (250 kilometers) from where it began. According to Luckman, that’s some impressive mobility for arguably the largest free-moving object on Earth. [Images of Melt: Earth’s Vanishing Ice]Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65929-worlds-largest-iceberg-drifting-toward-death.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  “At 100 miles (160 km) long by only a couple of hundred meters thick, the aspect ratio of Iceberg A68 is more like a credit card than a typically imagined iceberg,” Luckman, a professor at Swansea University in the UK, wrote on his website. “All the more surprising then, that despite grounding on the sea floor several times, Iceberg A68 remains in pretty much the same shape that it had when it calved away 2 years ago.” Alas, every step forward is a step away from home — and toward certain doom. While iceberg A68 continues to pirouette in a current called the Weddell Gyre (named for Antarctica’s Weddell Sea), it moves ever closer to the pull of the South Atlantic Ocean, where it will be gently swept northward to warmer climes. Many icebergs that find themselves on this path (part of an oceanic conveyor belt known as “iceberg alley,” according to BBC News) end up screeching to a halt near South Georgia Island, a remote British Overseas Territory about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) north of Antarctica. Icebergs of similar size to A68 have drifted for 5 years before making landfall, splitting into ever smaller chunks along the way. Other bergs drift farther north, ultimately melting near South America. While A68’s fate is largely up to the whims of the Atlantic Ocean at this point, scientists will continue monitoring the frigid tot’s progress from space as long as they can. Visually, it may not be as interesting as a square iceberg or coffin iceberg, but A68 still our iceberg — and we’ll be proud of it no matter how it dies. In Photos: Antarctica’s Larsen C Ice Shelf Through Time Iconic Photos of Earth from Space Photo Gallery: Antarctica’s Pine Island Glacier Cracks Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoFinance101What Are The Best States To Retire In?Finance101UndoAnti-Snoring SolutionA Simple Fix for Snoring And Sleep ApneaAnti-Snoring SolutionUndoEditorChoice.comSee What The World’s Largest Dog Looks LikeEditorChoice.comUndoNucificTop Dr. Reveals The 1 Nutrient Your Gut Must HaveNucificUndolast_img read more

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Joshua Trees Will Be AllButExtinct by 2070 Without Climate Action Study Warns

first_img Spectacular Geology: Amazing Photos of the American Southwest Of a Feather: Photos Reveal Stunning Birds of the Southwest Joshua trees — some of the most unusual and iconic plants of the American Southwest — have survived as a species for some 2.5 million years in the inhospitable Mojave Desert. Now, they may face imminent extinction due to climate change. In a new study published June 3 in the journal Ecosphere, researchers and volunteer scientists surveyed nearly 4,000 trees in southern California’s Joshua Tree National Park to figure out where the oldest trees tended to thrive during historic periods of extreme heat and drought. (A single Joshua tree can live up to 300 years.) Then, the researchers estimated how much of these Joshua safe zones (or “refugia”) would survive to the end of the century based on a range of climate change predictions. [Desert Green: Images of Joshua Tree National Park] The study authors found that, if greenhouse gas emissions are seriously curbed and summer temperatures are limited to an increase of 5.4 degrees Fahrenheit (3 degrees Celsius), about 19% of the park’s Joshua tree habitat would survive after the year 2070.Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65953-climate-change-destroying-joshua-trees.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  If no action is taken to reduce carbon emissions and summer temperatures rise by 9 F (5 C) or more, however, only 0.02% of the tree’s habitat would survive to the end of the century — leaving the rare tree a hair away from extinction. “The fate of these unusual, amazing trees is in all of our hands,” lead study author Lynn Sweet, a plant ecologist at the University of California, Riverside said in a statement. “Their numbers will decline, but how much depends on us.” Survivors in the sand Joshua Tree National Park covers 1,200 square miles (3,200 square kilometers) of sandy, hilly terrain in the desert between Los Angeles, Las Vegas and Arizona. The spiny-armed Joshua trees have survived millions of years of climate ups and downs by holding on to large amounts of water to carry them through the region’s harshest droughts. However, the study authors wrote, young Joshua trees and seedlings aren’t able to store enough water to weather these dry spells. During long droughts — such as the epic, 376-week-long one that lasted from December 2011 to March 2019 in California — various parts of the park became too parched to support young Joshua tree growth, preventing the species from reproducing properly. As global temperatures rise, more and longer droughts are expected to occur around the world, and that means fewer and fewer new Joshua trees surviving to adulthood. To find out which parts of the tree’s desert habitat were safest and which were most at risk of drying up, a team of park researchers and volunteers counted thousands of trees in various parts of the park, noting each tree’s height (which helped predict the tree’s age) and the number of new sprouts in the area. They found that, in general, trees growing in higher-elevation spots, which tend to be cooler and retain more moisture, survived much better than those in lower, drier regions. The team compared these survey results with historic climate records to predict how much of the Joshua tree’s habitat was likely to shrink as temperatures rise and rainfall decreases over the rest of the century. Under the best-case scenario, they found, just 1 in 5 Joshua trees will survive the next 50 years. Taking swift action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is the only way to save the Joshua trees from extinction, the researchers found. However, even trees in the best-hydrated habitats will still face a serious threat from wildfires, which have also been occurring with greater frequency and intensity as the climate warms, they said. According to the researchers, fewer than 10% of Joshua trees survive when wildfires rush through their habitats — thanks, in part, to car exhaust coating desert shrubs with flammable nitrogen. This, at least, is a threat that can be addressed on a local level, right now. “Fires are just as much a threat to the trees as climate change, and removing grasses is a way park rangers are helping to protect the area today,” Sweet said. “By protecting the trees, they’re protecting a host of other native insects and animals that depend on them as well.” Desert Mistletoe: Photos of ‘Tree Thieves’ in the American Southwest Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoFinance101What Are The Best States To Retire In?Finance101Undolivestly.comBig Discounts Seniors Are Entitled To Only If They Knowlivestly.comUndoAnti-Snoring SolutionA Simple Fix for Snoring And Sleep ApneaAnti-Snoring SolutionUndolast_img read more

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Akali Dal BJP join hands for LS pollsAkali Dal BJP join hands

first_imgSHARE SHARE EMAIL Published on February 28, 2019 SHARE national elections COMMENTcenter_img Punjab national politics BJP President Amit Shah on Thursday announced that his party and its old ally, the Akali Dal, will fight the Lok Sabha poll together and contest on the same number of seats in Punjab as in the 2014 general elections.The SAD will fight on 10 and the BJP on three seats, he said.Seat-sharing“The SAD-BJP alliance with fight the 2019 Lok Sabha elections together. Their seats will remain the same as they were in 2014. SAD will contest on 10 seats and the BJP on three,” Shah tweeted.He made the announcement after a meeting with Shiromani Akali Dal President Sukhbir Singh Badal. COMMENTSlast_img read more

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Occupy Tanjung Aru beach picnic is on tomorrow

first_imgKOTA KINABALU: At least a thousand people are expected to turn up for a “picnic” along the Tanjung Aru beach, where a controversial development plan is meeting opposition from non-governmental groups. The Occupy @ Tanjung Aru picnic tomorrow is organised by the Save Open Space Kota Kinabalu (SOS KK) group which previously started an online petition to stop the Tanjung Aru Eco-Development (Taed) project.SOS KK coordinator S.M. Muthu said the informal gathering – aimed at pooling like-minded people to show solidarity in saving the beach – was expected to be the first in a series of activities it was planning to engage the public. “We are trying to gauge the response. Nation 27 Jun 2019 Shafie defends decision not to scrap projects, says it’s for the greater good of Sabah Related News Nation 28 Jun 2019 NGO signature drive on to stop TAED project, calls for meeting with Sabah CM Nation 26 Jun 2019 SAPP: Sabah govt statements about Papar dam, TAED ‘huge disappointment’center_img “It is just a picnic. No one will be talking. In the future, we may need a permit if we get individuals to speak,” he said when contacted.The project was mooted during the previous Barisan Nasional administration, and the then Opposition had campaigned against it during the last general election. However, the Parti Warisan Sabah-led state government decided later to stick with the project but promised that it would be a win-win situation with an area for the public. An invitation to Sabahans to join the event at Prince Phillip Park, along Tanjung Aru beach, was shared via the change.org online platform. The picnic is expected to take place between 4pm and sunset. “Wear yellow or green, bring your own F&B (food and beverage), and make it a Zero Waste event,” said the notice.On the online petition, Muthu said over 28,000 pledges had been collected so far. “We initially wanted to arrange for a meeting with the Sabah Chief Minister but that was unlikely considering how things went.“So, we will send the petition to his office after we hit the 30,000-signature mark, maybe some time next week. Then, it is up to them (to consider),” he said. Related News {{category}} {{time}} {{title}}last_img read more

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US conference to host victims of religious persecution

first_img {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} World 07 Jul 2019 Hardline Sri Lanka monk calls for Buddhist Sinhalese government “Over 70% of the world lives in a religious-restrictive environment, and many cases, unfortunately, a deadly environment.”Officials from “like-minded” countries have been invited to attend, he said.Asked whether these include Myanmar, Brownback said, “We wouldn’t put them in either the category of like-minded or aspirational at this point in time.”The United Nations has estimated that some 730,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh amid a military crackdown against the Muslim minority. The country’s army chief has denied any systematic persecution of the Rohingya, saying forces have carried out legitimate counterinsurgency operations.The Trump administration has highlighted rights abuses against China’s Muslim minority in Xinjiang and threatened to impose sanctions against companies and officials linked to China’s crackdown.Brownback said he was encouraged by the “positive direction” of countries such as Uzbekistan, where he said 13,000 political and religious prisoners had been released from jail and the government had registered some churches. (Reporting by Lesley Wroughton; Editing by Richard Chang) Related News World 09 Jul 2019 U.S. State Department approves possible $2.2 billion arms sale to Taiwancenter_img WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. State Department said on Thursday it would host a conference in Washington next week to highlight the problem of religious persecution, and has invited victims of recent attacks at a synagogue in San Diego, mosques in New Zealand and an Easter Day bombing in Sri Lanka.U.S. ambassador for religious freedom, Sam Brownback, told reporters the second Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom will include more than a dozen government ministers. He said he hoped countries, which he declined to identify, would sign a U.S. statement calling for an end to religious persecution.Speakers will include Nobel laureate Nadia Murad, an Iraqi Yazidi woman held as a sex slave by Islamic State militants; and American evangelical pastor Andrew Brunson, who was freed after two years of detention in Turkey. Attendees will include Rohingya Muslim representatives who have fled a campaign by Myanmar’s military against them.”We hope that this will stir actions. Ultimately, we’re after a grassroots movement,” Brownback said. Related News World 22 Apr 2019 U.S. State Department warns ‘terrorists’ continue plotting Sri Lanka attackslast_img read more

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Iran cleric says UK will be slapped in the face for seizure

first_imgDUBAI (Reuters) – Britain will soon be “slapped in the face” for the capture of an Iranian supertanker last week, Iranian state TV quoted a cleric as saying on Friday, amid heightened tension between Iran and the West in the Gulf. Related News Related News World 10 Jul 2019 Rouhani says Britain to face ‘consequences’ for seizing Iranian tanker {{category}} {{time}} {{title}}center_img World 08 Jul 2019 Iran’s defence minister says Britain’s seizure of oil tanker was threatening act World 08 Jul 2019 Iran’s Zarif calls on UK to immediately release captured oil tanker “Iran’s strong establishment will soon slap Britain in the face for daring to seize the Iranian oil tanker,” cleric Kazem Sedighi told worshippers during Tehran’s Friday prayer sermon, TV reported.Earlier Iran called on Britain to immediately release the oil tanker that British Royal Marines seized last week on suspicion it was breaking European sanctions by taking oil to Syria. (Writing by Parisa Hafezi; Editing by Peter Graff)last_img read more

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First Rafale jet to IAF will be delivered in September as per

first_img Next Press Trust of India KolkataJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 18:49 IST All the 36 Rafale jets will be delivered to the Indian Air Force within the next two years, French Ambassador to India, Alexandre Ziegler said.The first Rafale fighter jet will be delivered to the Indian Air Force in September 2019 as per schedule, a top government official said on Saturday.Rafale fighter jets, manufactured by France-based Dassault Aviation, are twin-engine multi-role fighter aircraft. These are nuclear capable and can engage in both air-to-air and air-to-ground attacks.The first Rafale fighter jet will be delivered in September, Ajay Kumar, secretary to the department of defence production, said.French Ambassador to India, Alexandre Ziegler had, earlier this month, assured that the first Rafale fighter aircraft will be delivered within two months and will be “perfectly on time”.All the 36 Rafale jets will be delivered to the Indian Air Force within the next two years, he said.The Rafale deal has drawn flak from the Opposition which has alleged widespread corruption in the contract.Asked about the Rafale offset partner issue, Kumar said, “It will be done as per the rules.”He was speaking on the sidelines of the inauguration of Bharat Chamber Defence Facilitation Centre in Kolkata.ALSO READ | First Rafale jet to be delivered in 2 months: French Ambassador ALSO WATCH | Air Marshal RKS Bhadauria shares his experience of flying a Rafale jetFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted bySnigdha Choudhury First Rafale jet to IAF will be delivered in September as per schedule, says top govt officialRafale fighter jets, manufactured by France-based Dassault Aviation, are twin-engine multi-role fighter aircraft. These are nuclear capable and can engage in both air-to-air and air-to-ground attacks.advertisementlast_img read more

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C And they seemed to

C. And they seemed to have shorter attention spans, it began to move more rapidly; and each year since 2012 it has sped up by about 125 meters per year. and her latest video update posted to Instagram shows shes ready to kick some butt.

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