Does psychosis play a role in extreme acts of violence?

first_imgLinkedIn Share Share on Twitter Share on Facebook The study focused on two central areas among high risk patients: within the group as a whole, do hallucinations or delusions immediately occur before acts of violence and within individuals over time, how consistent is psychosis before violent incidents?Participants involved 100 patients involved in the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study, a 12 month study of 1,136 patients discharged from three psychiatric hospitals across the U.S. For purposes of this study, 100 participants met the criteria of being involved in multiple violent incidents in the year following hospital discharge and were able to complete a follow-up interview.  The most common diagnoses among participants included depression, bipolar depression and schizophrenia/other psychotic disorders.  Male participants numbered 58, while female participants numbered 42.In general, the study concluded that psychosis, from time to time, played a role immediately before violent incidents (12% of 305 incidents). Additionally, as the research team hypothesized, patients who exhibited non-psychosis preceded violence (80% of the sample size) could be distinguished from a smaller “mixture” group (those patients with a mixture of psychosis-preceded and non-psychosis preceded violence; 20% of the sample size) of patients who exhibited a degree of psychosis-preceded violence; there was reasonable consistency in this difference.Given the research team were interested in factors which may contribute to harm reduction, characteristics between those former patients who exhibited non-psychosis preceded violence and those who exhibited some psychosis-preceded violence, were examined.Skeem and her research team found that while both groups shared features of antisocial personality disorder, those former patients with no psychosis-preceded violence had reasonably lower verbal intelligence and fairly greater social deviance, arrest frequency, and childhood abuse frequency. On the other hand, those patients in the “mixture group” were reasonably more likely to meet bipolar depression criteria, in addition to modestly meeting the criteria for schizophrenia and or a mental disorder with no substance abuse.The researchers concluded that psychosis-preceded acts of violence are uncommon, and that intervention efforts to reduce acts of violence should target broader considerations: “For large-scale violence reduction, the focus of programming for individuals with repeated violence may need to encompass factors associated with social deviance, whether patients occasionally engage in acts of violence related to psychosis or not.”center_img Pinterest Email Mass shootings across the United States continue to stun and mystify, and researchers using data from the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study, sought to understand how psychosis may play a role in extreme acts of violence.The research, published in Clinical Psychological Science suggests that psychosis plays a role in acts of extreme violence, but only on occasion.Researchers sought to gain greater understanding of the psychological mechanisms involved in violent, high-risk individuals, primarily by focusing on the consistent incidence of psychosis. As noted by primary author Dr. Jennifer Skeem: “if the policy goal is to maximize public safety, then effective risk reduction for these individuals seems a priority.”last_img read more

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Small Frijoles Fire Continues To Smolder In Bandelier

first_imgBANDELIER News:A single-tree, lightning-caused fire in upper Frijoles Canyon was reported Monday evening in Bandelier National Monument.The fire, the Frijoles Fire, is about five miles southwest of Los Alamos, creeping low and smoldering with flame lengths of less than 1 foot.The area received some rain the same evening it was reported and weather forecasts predict thundershowers by early next week.Low intensity, naturally caused wildfires burned the forested areas of the Jemez Mountains every seven to 15 years historically. The area around the Frijoles Fire last burned in the 2011 Las Conchas Fire.Fire Managers at Bandelier are seeing this low intensity fire as an opportunity to reduce the fine fuel and debris on the forest floor by allowing it to burn. Doing so helps restore natural conditions in this fire-dependent ecosystem.Firefighters are monitoring the Frijoles Fire and are ready take actions as necessary for public safety.Smoke may be visible from State Road 4 west of Los Alamos. Smoke-sensitive individuals and people with respiratory problems or heart disease are encouraged to take precautionary measures.Information on air quality and protecting your health by using the 5-3-1 visibility method can be found online at the New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) website at https://nmtracking.org/fire. People with health concerns can also call NMDOH at 505.827.0006 for additional information. For information on the HEPA filter loan program, visit https://facnm.org/smoke#smokeanchor5.For more information about Bandelier National Monument, contact the Bandelier Visitor Center at 505.672.3861 x 517 or visit www.nps.gov/band, Facebook, BandelierNPS.About the National Park ServiceMore than 20,000 National Park Service employees who care for America’s 417 national parks and work with communities across the nation to help preserve local history and create close-to-home recreational opportunities. Visit http://www.nps.gov, Facebook www.facebook.com/nationalparkservice, Twitter www.twitter.com/natlparkservice and YouTube www.youtube.com/nationalparkservice.last_img read more

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Young at heart

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Gate set for Hammerfest LNG cargo

first_imgDutch Gate LNG terminal in the port of Rotterdam is about to receive a cargo of the chilled gas from Statoil’s Hammerfest plant in Norway.The 140,000 cbm Arctic Discoverer departed from the liquefaction plant on the island of Melkoya on Thursday, and it is currently located in the Norwegian Sea, shipping data shows.The LNG tanker is scheduled to dock at the Gate terminal around May 27, according to the data.Gate terminal received 372,000 tonnes of LNG in the January-March period, a 186.8 percent rise compared with the same period last year.Overall, LNG throughput (incoming and outgoing) at the terminal was 517,000 tonnes in the period, a rise of 138 percent compared to 2014.[mappress mapid=”17324″]LNG World News Staff; Image: K Linelast_img read more

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ICS, ESPO against Inclusion of Shipping in EU ETS

first_imgAfter the European Parliament voted to include CO2 emissions from shipping in the EU Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) and the European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) voiced their opposition to the move.   Along with the inclusion of shipping in the ETS, the parliament also voted in favor of the establishment of a maritime climate fund “in the absence of progress at international level” as from 2023.As explained, the proposal will see shipowners buy ETS allowances from 2023 onwards or pay an equivalent amount into the new maritime climate fund. The fund would minimize administrative burden by buying allowances on the sector’s behalf and reinvesting the revenues to make ships and ports cleaner and more efficient.ESPO said that the International Maritime Organization (IMO) is “by far the right place to introduce CO2 target and measures to reduce emissions from shipping in line with the Paris Agreement”, with climate change being a global challenge and shipping a global industry.In that respect, ESPO believes that the roadmap agreed at the IMO MEPC meeting last October, is a starting point for the discussions. On the basis of available scientific evidence, the IMO needs to strengthen its efforts and submit an initial reduction target to the stock-take process of the Paris Agreement in 2018 accompanied by short-term measures. By 2023, IMO should introduce the necessary target and measures to bend down the CO2 emissions curve, according to ESPO.ESPO thinks that a 6-year period until EU measures are put in place is sufficient time for the IMO to discuss and agree on the necessary target and measures. 2023 should be seen as a milestone. In case this deadline is not met, EU measures will have to be introduced.“It should, however, be clear that the EU measures will be repealed in case of an international agreement by 2023,” ESPO further adds.“We … hope that the IMO will speed up the process and demonstrate the same level of ambition when addressing climate change as it did on the global air pollution cap agreed last October,” Isabelle Ryckbost, ESPO’s Secretary General, said.Furthermore, the ICS, which represents over 80% of the world merchant fleet, said it is “disappointed but not surprised” by the vote to propose that international shipping (including non-EU flagged ships) should be incorporated into the ETS.“This vote for a unilateral, regional measure simply risks polarising debate among IMO Member States which have already agreed to develop a strategy for reducing shipping’s CO2 emissions in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change,” Simon Bennett, ICS Director of Policy & External Relations, explained.“The vote completely ignores the real progress that has already been made by IMO – which under the Kyoto Protocol, to which EU Member States are signatory, has a mandate to address CO2 emissions from international shipping,” Bennett added.In 2011, the IMO adopted technical regulations which will ensure that all ships built in 8-year period will be at least 30% more CO2 efficient than most of the fleet operating today, and the global shipping sector has already dramatically reduced its total CO2 emissions despite an increase in global trade.In the words of Bennett “EU Member States, which are also members of IMO, now have a duty to reject these unhelpful proposals, as they are taken forward as part of the wholesale attempt to reform the EU Emissions Trading System. Trying to include thousands of small shipping companies – including thousands of companies not based in the EU – into a system designed for major EU power generating companies and steel and cement producers is only going to complicate this reform.”“As we saw when the EU unsuccessfully tried to impose the ETS on international aviation, non-EU governments are not going to take kindly to being told that ships flying their flag, when visiting EU ports, may have to pay money into EU schemes designed to help subsidise the closure of European coal mines,” Bennett observed.ICS says it is working closely with the European Community Shipowners’ Associations (ECSA) in order to persuade the EU Member States and the European Commission to reject these proposals, in view of their support for a global solution at IMO.Earlier this week, ECSA also argued that shipping does not belong in the EU ETS.On the other hand, Transport & Environment (T&E) association argued that by including shipping in the ETS, this sector will start contributing to the EU’s emissions reduction targets for the first time.“This crossparty proposal will end the anomaly of shipping being the only sector in Europe not contributing to the 2030 emissions reduction target. EU governments must follow Parliament’s lead and agree that ship CO2 emissions must go in the EU ETS if the IMO does not act. The benefits to our climate through less warming and to our industry and economy through lower fuel costs cannot be ignored,” Bill Hemmings, Aviation and Shipping Policy Director at T&E, pointed out.last_img read more

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An expensive encore

first_imgGet your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe now for unlimited access Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGINlast_img read more

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Raising the standard: International procurement standards

first_imgGet your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe now for unlimited access Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGINlast_img read more

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Log on to lift safely

first_imgAt 14:00 (US Eastern Standard Time) on April 11, the e-learning provider will give an encore presentation of its “Cranes, Rigging and Your Organization” webinar, which recently attracted 140 participants from around the world.The next installment of the Showcase Webinar Series takes place on Friday, May 4 and is titled “Effective Crane & Rigging Training Methods for Your Employees”.US-based ITI recently opened a Canadian subsidiary, ITI Canada. “We plan on hiring several trainers based in Edmonton as well as other cities in Canada,” said ITI president and CEO Mike Parnell.”We will also be on the lookout for a highly-qualified person to become ITI Canada’s managing director and spearhead our operation in Edmonton,” added Parnell, an industry veteran who currently sits on committee with the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.Visit http://iti.com/showcase to learn more about the ITI Showcase Webinar Series.last_img read more

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Blackmoore commends police officers who showed up for duty

first_img Share 190 Views   one comment Sharing is caring! Members of the Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force have been commended for their commitment and dedication to upholding the oath of protecting and serving their country.Minister for Justice, National Security and Immigration, Rayburn Blackmoore commended the officers, especially those who showed up for duty on Tuesday 23 May 2017.On Saturday 20 May, police officers assigned to the Marigot and Portsmouth Police Stations participated in a ‘sick-out” citing poor working conditions. Over fifty police officers also reported sick on Tuesday 23 May 2017.“I want to say to them that they have made us Dominicans and the rest of the world proud,” he said adding that he took the oath upon becoming a police officer at a young age.“I served as a police officer and the majority of police officers understand and appreciate the full extent of the oath they have taken to protect this wonderful country, and the majority of police officers in this country know that the Dominica Labour Party, under the leadership of the prime minister has done well for the police force.”Blackmoore said he has been advised by the Labour Commissioner that there has been no breakdown in salary negotiations between the government negotiating team and the Police Welfare Association. “The question is the fifty-six police officers who reported sick yesterday, what was the reason? And I will say further I am tying that to the fact that the government continues to provide for the police so that the police can continue to carry out its work efficiently and well.”Further, Minister Blackmoore recited the oath that police recruits take when beginning their training and noted that it does not say “I will serve the Dominica Labour Party or the United Workers Party”.The oath says, “I do swear that I will truly serve the Commonwealth of Dominica as a member of the Dominica Police Force without favour or affection, malice or ill will and that I will cause the public peace to be preserved and that I will prevent to the utmost of my power offenses against same and that during any time that I do or may thereafter hold any appointment in the Dominica Police Force, I will to the best of my knowledge and skill discharge all the duties thereof faithfully according to law so help me God.”Minister Blackmoore said police officers “serve the people of Dominica, the country of Dominica and when we go to bed, we have to have the assurance that the police have our backs and that’s the bottom line”. Any attempts to buy into the gimmicks of any political party cannot be serving the best interest of the country, Blackmoore stated. Tweetcenter_img Share Share LocalNewsPolitics Blackmoore commends police officers who showed up for duty by: Dominica Vibes News – May 24, 2017last_img read more

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