Why are manhole covers round? A manhole cover is round because it won’t fall through the opening on which it sits, it can simply be rolled to reach a destination much faster, while applying relatively little effort. Courtesywww.scienceabc.com Traffic control will be set up daily in several locations along the project route and residents are urged to use caution when driving through and walking near these work zones. The work is scheduled to begin at 8 am and end by 5 p.m. each day. The concrete being used is a high strength mix and will require a cure time, residents are urged to avoid driving over these manholes for the first few days after they are poured. This work will begin on Aspen Drive at Range Road and continue along Aspen Drive, Sumac Lane and Maple Drive before finishing back at Aspen Drive. Beginning Monday, July 1, crews will be adjusting manholes in the Ponderosa Estates area. Since there a dozens of manhole adjustments in this sub-division, construction is scheduled to go through July 31. COUNTY News: Direct questions or concerns related to this project to 505.662.8113 or LACPW@lacnm.us.
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She is vice chair of the board of University Hospitals in Cleveland, and past chair and a life director of the board of United Way of Greater Cleveland. Pianalto is an advisory trustee for The University of Akron and serves on the boards of numerous community organizations including The Greater Cleveland Partnership, Team Northeast Ohio and College Now Greater Cleveland. Pianalto served as president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland from February 2003 until her retirement in June 2014. She joined the Bank in 1983 as an economist in the research department. She was appointed assistant vice president of public affairs in 1984, vice president and secretary to the board of directors in 1988, and first vice president and chief operating officer in 1993. Before joining the bank, Pianalto was an economist at the Federal Reserve Board of Governors and served on the staff of the Budget Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives. AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement “We are pleased to welcome Sandra to the Eaton board,” said Alexander Cutler, Eaton chairman and CEO. “Her strong leadership skills and extensive finance and economics background will be a tremendous asset to our board and shareholders.” Pianalto earned a bachelor’s degree in economics from The University of Akron and a master’s in economics from the George Washington University. She is a graduate of the advanced management program at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business and holds honorary degrees from The University of Akron, Baldwin-Wallace College, Cleveland State University, John Carroll University, Kent State University, Notre Dame College, Ursuline College and The University of Toledo. DUBLIN – Eaton Corp. announced that Sandra Pianalto has been elected to its board of directors. Pianalto’s election brings the number of Eaton directors to 13.
Independent/Desirée KeeganStony Brook Southampton Hospital is sponsoring free sunscreen dispensers throughout Southampton Town.On Tuesday, June 25, members of the town board and hospital held a ribbon-cutting at Ponquogue Beach for 17 free SPF 30 dispensers that have been installed at town beaches and parks.“The program allows everyone to safely enjoy our beautiful beaches, parks, and recreational facilities all summer long,” said Councilwoman Christine Preston Scalera, who worked with Stony Brook on the initiative. “I would also like to thank Stony Brook Southampton Hospital for their generosity and continued support.”Creative Advertising Concepts had proposed the idea to Preston Scalera earlier this year, who then reached out to Stony Brook Hospital about a potential partnership. As part of the program, CAC worked with the town to find local sponsors to support the project. Stony Brook Southampton Hospital signed on right away.“Stony Brook Southampton Hospital’s mission is to promote health and wellness,” said Steven Bernstein, chief development officer at the hospital. “Providing free SPF 30 broad spectrum sports sunscreen can help protect residents and visitors against too much sun exposure.”Southampton Supervisor Jay Schneiderman said his first comment was, “Why didn’t we do this sooner?”“I wish I thought of that,” he said. “It ought to be as commonplace as soap dispensers in the bathroom. It’s right there — right on the pathway to the beach — and it takes two seconds to slather it on. I think every beach should have that, and now our beaches will have that. I hope it becomes a ubiquitous thing.” The free sunscreen dispensers are available through Labor Day. For more information on the locations, visit the Parks and Recreation Department page on the town’s website at www.southamptontownny.gov/353/Parks-Recreation.email@example.com Share
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Critics of dispute-resolution measures in the proposed transatlantic free-trade treaty are ‘subverting debate’ on the issue, the International Bar Association said this week.The warning comes after several political parties condemned the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership in their general election manifestos.In a statement ‘correcting misconceptions and inaccurate information around the discussions on investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS)’, David W Rivkin (pictured), IBA president, and partner at New York-based firm Debevoise & Plimpton, said: ‘The IBA Arbitration Committee and I are concerned that the discussions about ISDS in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership and the Trans-Pacific Partnership are being compromised because, in some instances, erroneous information is subverting debate.’Among the misconceptions stated about ISDS, under which complaints by businesses against states for breaching treaty obligations are settled through arbitration, are that:Investors always win; in fact states have won a higher percentage of cases than investors, and around one-third of all cases end in settlement;ISDS forces states to change their policies and laws. In reality: ‘States subject to investment treaty arbitration cannot be ordered to amend their laws or change their policies, and awards issued by investment tribunals do not order states to change their policies or laws.’;ISDS proceedings are insulated from public scrutiny. According to the IBA, most ISDS awards are published, some ISDS proceedings are broadcast live via web feeds, and the investment chapters in recent investment treaties contain provisions allowing members of the public to attend proceedings.Opposition to the proposed treaty figures in several party election manifestos, including those of the Green party, Plaid Cymru, the Scottish National Party, and Ukip.Rivkin revealed that the IBA’s arbitration committee is undertaking in-depth analysis of the perceived benefits of ISDS and the spectrum of criticisms and concerns, in order to identify which criticisms and concerns are fact-based and which are not.The IBA will present its ISDS fact sheet to the TTIP negotiators at a stakeholders’ meeting organised by the US Trade Representative in New York on Thursday.
PLANS TO finance French infrastructure projects through public-private partnerships are attracting attention, confirmed Transport Minister Dominique Perben on December 20, six days after RFF formally invited expressions of interest for its first scheme.The infrastructure manager is consulting on the PPP concession to design, install, operate and maintain GSM-R digital radio communications on the national network (RG 8.06 p430). RFF expects to fit around 14 000?route-km with GSM-R, of which 12 000?km would be equipped under the PPP. RFF began work itself last year on a pilot project to roll out GSM-R across the east of the country, which is due to be completed by mid-2009.Total value of the GSM-R concession is put at around k650m, of which the majority would be financed by the state through Afitf. According to Perben, the use of a PPP formula will allow the work to be accelerated by three years, with completion in 2012 instead of 2015.HHaving put together the funding package for LGV Est Europ?en, Claude Liebermann was appointed last month to undertake the same role for the N?mes – Montpellier bypass, which is expected to open in 2012. This line is now costed at k1?1bn, of which the French government will contribute k600m and the EU k110m. RFF will provide another k110m, with the rest to be raised through a PPP, for which consultation is to begin by the end of 2008.n
GERMANY: On September 17 the Higher Regional Court in München instructed Bayern railway authority BEG to undertake a review of the planned award of two Nürnberg S-Bahn operating contracts to National Express Rail.On February 2 BEG had named the German subsidiary of UK-based National Express Group as its preferred bidder for the two contracts to operate Nürnberg S-Bahn services for 12 years from December 9 2018. The contracts would cover the operation of 7·5 million train-km/year on five routes carrying more than 20 million passengers/year, and are expected to generate revenues in excess of €1·4bn.This was the first time that national operator DB had not won a contract to operate a major S-Bahn service. On February 11 DB Regio lodged an appeal, and on April 27 the Südbayern procurement office blocked the award of the contracts. BEG and National Express then took the matter to the Higher Regional Court on May 15. The court has now found that there were technical flaws in the way BEG requested financial guarantees from bidders and their parent companies. As a result, BEG must undertake a review of the bids using stricter financial guidelines. However the court has not ordered that the procurement be restarted, and BEG can award the contracts to National Express if it still wishes to do so following the review.’We are pleased that the Higher Regional Court of Munich has judged our Nürnberg S-Bahn bid as valid and has not decided to restart the contract procurement process,’ National Express told Railway Gazette International. ‘We look forward to the completion of the procurement process by the awarding authority as directed by the court and to providing the people of Nürnberg with the high-quality services they deserve.’
UK: The government announced on November 15 that it had awarded contracts worth £900m for enabling work on the first phase of the High Speed 2 project linking London with the West Midlands. In addition, the government also confirmed its preferred route for Phase 2b of the scheme, taking the railway from Crewe to Manchester and from the West Midlands to Leeds, completing a Y-shaped corridor with connections to the existing East Coast and West Coast main lines.The following companies have been awarded the Phase 1 enabling works contracts:Area South: CS JV (Costain Group Plc, Skanska Construction UK Ltd);Area Central: Fusion JV (Morgan Sindall plc, BAM Nuttall Ltd, Ferrovial Agroman (UK) Ltd);Area North: LM JV (Laing O’Rourke Construction Ltd, J Murphy & Sons Ltd).These contracts cover preparatory works including archaeological investigations, site clearance and the setting up of construction compounds ahead of the start of the main civil engineering work.Contracts worth up to £11·8bn for construction work between London and Crewe would be let from 2017, the government said.Transport Secretary Chris Grayling also confirmed what he termed ‘the majority of the route’ for Phase 2b, which was the subject of public consultation in 2013. The government intends to bring a hybrid bill before parliament in 2019 that would cover 82 route-km extensions from Crewe to Manchester Piccadilly and a junction with the WCML south of Wigan, and a 198 km route from a junction with Phase 1 near Lichfield to Leeds and a junction with the ECML at Church Fenton south of York. Upon completion, Phase 2 is expected to reduce journey times between Birmingham and Manchester from 1 h 28 min to 40 min, and from Leeds to Birmingham from 1 h 58 min to 49 min. Intermediate stations are planned at Toton, which would be served by local trains from Nottingham and Derby, and at Manchester Airport, subject to final agreement of a local funding contribution. There are seven sections of the Phase 2b alignment where the government is proposing changes to the consultation route, of which the most significant is in South Yorkshire. Project delivery company HS2 Ltd has proposed an alternative alignment running further east of Sheffield, replacing the initial proposal to serve the city’s Meadowhall transport interchange and retail complex. Grayling said that a final decision on this and other amendments, including moving a rolling stock depot from Golborne near Wigan to a site north of Crewe, would be taken next year following further public consultation.The government says that HS2’s budget remains £55·7bn at 2015 prices, and Phase 2b will open for traffic in 2033. Including wider economic impacts, the government expects that Phase 2b will have a benefit:cost ratio of 3·1:1.