I knew that crystal ball gazing was a mug’s game – why did I allow myself to do it in my first column for 2014? Commenting on a case which told us that collateral warranties could carry the right to adjudicate, I aggressively asserted that “some misguided lawyers” have argued that third party rights should be used to avoid bringing in the right to adjudicate. I confidently stated that third party rights which are part of a “construction contract” must include the right to adjudicate if collateral warranties did. And now I have to eat cold Christmas pudding. In November, Mr Justice Ramsey decided absolutely the opposite of what I had predicted and did not allow Barclays Bank plc to refer disputes to adjudication under the third party rights granted to them by Hurley Palmer Flatt Limited. Under the Construction Act and the scheme, he said, Barclays, as third party, were not “a party to a construction contract”, therefore, the scheme could not apply. The only way of ensuring that adjudication applied to the third party rights as well as the consultancy agreement was to say so. How wrong can you be? My grovelling apologies to all lawyers everywhere and a New Year’s resolution to be more hesitant about expressing any opinion about anything, however obvious it seems.But what a ridiculous mess at a practical level. Collateral warranties will usually carry the right to adjudicate but third party rights will not. Funders, purchasers and tenants will usually want the right to adjudicate but consultants and contractors will prefer that they do not have it. I make no predictions about how this can be sorted out in practice …Now I have to eat cold Christmas pudding. In November, Mr Justice Ramsey decided absolutely the opposite of what I had predictedMr Justice Ramsey retired from the TCC with a bang. I mentioned in that column of 2014 his hint in Liberty Mercian vs Cuddy Civil Engineering Limited that he might consider specific performance of an obligation to deliver collateral warranties. In the 2013 instalment of this long-running saga, Mr Justice Ramsey had sent Cuddy off to take appropriate steps to obtain the performance bond it had contracted to provide. Because the building contract had already been terminated, the relevant Cuddy entity was non-trading and had no assets and litigation was already in progress, Cuddy could not, despite trying in the early part of 2014, find a surety except for an unrated company based in Gibraltar who required the cash equivalent of the bond amount to be deposited with it before it would issue the bond. So Mr Justice Ramsey ordered Cuddy to pay the amount of the performance bond into court, leaving the court to act as surety.And in relation to a subcontractor’s collateral warranty which Cuddy had also agreed to provide, Mr Justice Ramsey ordered Cuddy to obtain it even though the subcontractor had gone into liquidation and been removed from the Companies House register. Just how Cuddy will do that remains to be seen – chapter three of the saga in next year’s column.Did I get any predictions right last year? A couple:Construction lawyers are not rewriting construction contracts wholesale to deal with BIM. Nor is it “bombing” as Tony Bingham predicted – at least someone else gets things as wrong as me.The industry has been working and not pontificating – albeit perhaps too hard – as lead times extend, single stage tendering virtually disappears, material prices inflate and working hours lengthen. And it does all seem to be based on asset bubbles in the South-east. So I got that right too.And dare I attempt any predictions for 2015? Just two very cautious ones:Things will calm down. There will be fewer ill-prepared new starts and we can all work at a more measured pace.Government will wake up to the costs of bad practice and corruption in the construction industry. The Competition and Markets Authority’s advice on bid rigging agreements in November was an encouraging start. Email email@example.com with the evidence to make my prediction come true…Happy New Year.Ann Minogue is a partner in Macfarlanes
GERMANY: On September 17 the Higher Regional Court in München instructed Bayern railway authority BEG to undertake a review of the planned award of two Nürnberg S-Bahn operating contracts to National Express Rail.On February 2 BEG had named the German subsidiary of UK-based National Express Group as its preferred bidder for the two contracts to operate Nürnberg S-Bahn services for 12 years from December 9 2018. The contracts would cover the operation of 7·5 million train-km/year on five routes carrying more than 20 million passengers/year, and are expected to generate revenues in excess of €1·4bn.This was the first time that national operator DB had not won a contract to operate a major S-Bahn service. On February 11 DB Regio lodged an appeal, and on April 27 the Südbayern procurement office blocked the award of the contracts. BEG and National Express then took the matter to the Higher Regional Court on May 15. The court has now found that there were technical flaws in the way BEG requested financial guarantees from bidders and their parent companies. As a result, BEG must undertake a review of the bids using stricter financial guidelines. However the court has not ordered that the procurement be restarted, and BEG can award the contracts to National Express if it still wishes to do so following the review.’We are pleased that the Higher Regional Court of Munich has judged our Nürnberg S-Bahn bid as valid and has not decided to restart the contract procurement process,’ National Express told Railway Gazette International. ‘We look forward to the completion of the procurement process by the awarding authority as directed by the court and to providing the people of Nürnberg with the high-quality services they deserve.’
MOST READ Foton Pilipinas’ Cherry Rondina. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netFoton tries to stay unbeaten in the Philippine Superliga Grand Prix today, hoping to again use a slight change in player positions that coach Moro Branislav experimented with a game ago.Foton will face Cignal at 3 p.m. at Filoil Flying V Centre, with Branislav taking a huge risk by making his players man different positions.ADVERTISEMENT PH among economies most vulnerable to virus POC told: explain use of gov’t money We are young Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. “I prepared a little change to see what it will do to my team’s future,” said Branislav, whose team paces the league at 4-0.He hinted at new positions for open spikers Cherry Rondina and EJ Laure and even for come backing middle spiker Dindin Manabat.Foton will miss ace middle blocker Jaja Santiago, who will join her National U teammates in Japan for the next 10 days.—Marc Anthony ReyesFEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra teammates show love for SlaughterSPORTSWe are youngSPORTSCone plans to speak with Slaughter, agent Smart hosts first 5G-powered esports exhibition match in PH EDITORS’ PICK Where did they go? Millions left Wuhan before quarantine Mainland China virus cases exceed 40,000; deaths rise to 908 As fate of VFA hangs, PH and US forces take to the skies for exercise Smart’s Siklab Saya: A multi-city approach to esports Chinese-manned vessel unsettles Bohol town 30 Filipinos from Wuhan quarantined in Capas Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan PLAY LIST 01:31Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan01:33WHO: ‘Global stocks of masks and respirators are now insufficient’01:01WHO: now 31,211 virus cases in China 102:02Vitamin C prevents but doesn’t cure diseases like coronavirus—medic03:07’HINDI PANG-SPORTS LANG!’03:03SILIP SA INTEL FUND Shanghai officials reveal novel coronavirus transmission modes Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next View comments
Dear Editor,I have been deeply disturbed, troubled and sitting dejected on reading the letter entitled, “Jagdeo’s system of apartheid,” in the Daily Chronicle of Thursday, March 7, 2019, submitted by Jermaine Figueira, PNC Member of Parliament for Region 10.For quite a while, I was torn in mind whether we PPP and PPP/C should respond to his repeating and so propagating the preposterous historical allegations arising out of fomented primeval fears amongst us Afro-Guyanese, of the so-called “Indian” PPP and PPP/C, herein Jagdeo and Ramotar “not liking black people,” “discriminating against black people,” “wanting to dominate black people”, “instituting a system of apartheid against black people” and so on. Editor, we of the PPP and the PPP/C of all races have been responding numerous times to these allegations. We stand on our historical record of material achievements and of embracing Guyanese of all races, of all religions and from all regions from the time of the founding of our Political Affairs Committee (PAC) in 1946 to today. Nonetheless, I go once more to the battle line. I do so cognisant that a number of my Afro brothers and sisters are still vulnerable to such preposterous charges. I start as one airline safety routine begins, to remind those who have heard these sentiments before and to inform those who are encountering these allegations for the first time, that these allegations generate lots of emotions but there is much substance to the contrary.I write also responding directly to Figueira – for I sense some playing to the gallery, some tentativeness in his opening line, as printed:“Fasten your seat belts, as I tread on delicate grounds.”Editor, Figueira’s letter seems to call for a response at a number of levels from specific/particular/tangible as well as general historical, social/economic/intangibles viewpoints. Taking account of the limitations of space and time, I will here and now address mainly the specific allegations.I contend contrary to MP Figueira that during our PPP/C period in office, October 1992 to May 2015 that:* All groups of Guyanese throughout Guyana, experienced similar levels of growth and development, in improved housing, the supply of electricity, water, telephones, education and health services. If vehicle ownership is taken as a proxy for improvement in living standards and aspirations, Afro-Guyanese and Afro-Guyanese areas did no less well than other areas.* Addressing Linden and Region 10 specifically, as we have stated a number of times before, the PPP/C entered office in 1992 meeting an International Manager, Mining and Processing Engineers (MINPROC), installed in Linden Mining Enterprise (LINMINE) by the departed PNC Administration, in the course of covenants and conditionalities of the Economic Recovery Program (ERP). There was the covenant that after two years, MINPROC would declare whether it could see LINMINE becoming profitable or not. If profitable, LINMINE was to be sold, if not, it was to be shut down forthwith. No more monies from the nation’s treasury were to be thrown away in subsidising LINMINE. If we the PPP/C had really disliked Linden and Afro-Guyanese areas, all that we had to do was to conform to the PNC covenant. We did not; I reiterate, we did not. We squeezed, and with blood in our eyes, found ways above and below the table to resume and maintain subsidies to that company and community for many years into the future.* We the PPP and PPP/C would welcome a review and audit of our relationships with the Georgetown Mayor and City Council (M&CC) during our period. The recent CoI which included looking into the actions of the former Town Clerk should have opened many eyes to the likelihood that the criticisms of our Ministers and Government were not of bad mind, nor anti-Afro-Guyanese.Recall the recent Parking Meter debacle. In 1992, my ministerial responsibilities included Local Government and Regional Development which included Georgetown. The same Parking Meter proposal and some thirty proposals for municipal incinerators were brought to me by teams including some overseas Afro-Guyanese and native New Yorkers. Inherent, often buried deep in all of them were assumptions of payment fee-structures much the same as in New York – not surprising as all the equipment and installations were as in New York, but very far from affordable by Guyanese in the mid-1990s and even now. Our public has already heard much about the Parking Meter proposal and overwhelmingly rejected it. The incinerator proposals would have incurred charges of about G$800 million per year when the Municipality of Georgetown was collecting then about G$200 million per year in taxes. The early charges by then Mayor and Council of Georgetown of our PPP/C Government’s intransigence, and stymieing of proposed revenue-generating initiatives of the M&CC, and with overtones of us not liking black people and wanting black people to fail and to look bad, flowed from my unwillingness to give the go-ahead to those unsound projects.* On the question of the alleged biased support to our various municipal areas, MP Figueira, it appears, is referring solely to the publicly stated schedule of direct grants to municipalities and Neighbourhood Democratic Areas (NDCs). That does not take account of the very much larger cash flows from Central Government’s overall budget from which those people and communities benefit – for example, the over $2 billion per year to subsidise electricity in the Linden area which works out to more than about $20,000: per household per month which we did not bring to the nation’s attention until forced to; nor does it consider the about $900 million spent in constructing well-surfaced roads and concrete drains in Bartica, and so on. I mention these instances to say that we tried as much as humanly possible to treat even handedly and equitably with all our communities whether mainly Afro-Guyanese, Indo Guyanese, Amerindian Guyanese, or no-nation Guyanese.* On the question of Dr Roger Luncheon’s answer on the appointment of Afro-Guyanese as ambassadors, one must see his answer in the context of the series of questions by lawyers demanding yes/no answers. A number of persons appearing to me to be Afro-Guyanese were being considered and not long after were promoted to the level of ambassador.* On the question of Sophia and the adjoining squatting areas, Figueira forces me to recall the policemen and persecution inflicted on the squatters by the PNC in the years before we the PPP/C took office, and that the PNC had earmarked Sophia in particular for high-end housing developments. We the PPP/C regularised the squatting we met in Sophia and neighbouring areas granting the land to those ordinary Guyanese, overwhelmingly Afro-Guyanese, and we sought by finding more land to grant house lots, to get ahead of the pressure for further squatting.* Concerning MP Figueira’s charges “that during Jagdeo’s 12-year imperial rule, 468 Afro-Guyanese men were killed by an alleged State-sponsored death squad and phantom gang.” Former President, Bharrat Jagdeo has spoken to these charges a number of times and has been calling for a CoI of that period. The lack of take-up on Jagdeo’s call is an indication of uneasiness somewhere in so doing. I have been maintaining that the period started with the run-up to our 1997 General Elections and the “slow fiyah, mo fiyah” marches and real fires as elitists fomented many ordinary Afro-Guyanese to reject that second PPP/C win. They were encouraged to loot, burn and vent their frustrations on Indo-Guyanese, who were once again as I said, then made to pay the price for Guyana remaining whole. I encourage MP Figueira, all Afro-Guyanese and indeed everyone interested to put hands on and read Eusi Kwayana’s letter as he left Buxton and Guyana, on the calamity that had befallen Buxton.* On the reports of UN independent expert Gay McDougal and UN Special Rapporteur Daudon Dienne, I do not know what Figueira might have been privy to but in his quotations, I read a report written in much measured statements with which I would not contest – not charges of apartheid. As an example, let us consider this quote from Figueira’s letter:[She (Mc Dougal) also said that “Ethnically based division and politics have created two separate and conflicting narratives and perceptions of reality in Guyana.” On the part of Afro-Guyanese, Ms Dougal said there is a widely held belief that they are discriminated against by an Indian dominated and supported Government that puts Indian interests to the fore, particularly in resource allocation, Government contracts and employment.]Editor, we the PPP/C are aware that narrative exists. It is exploitative of instances where any of our PPP/C leaders, members or supporters being themselves humans and members of our turbulent society, falls short of what we demand of our people – those instances are overblown. Further, we would charge that there have been persons all along, considering themselves as elites, who have fomented and cultivated the narrative which Mc Dougal refers to and which MP Figueira is perpetuating.I am prepared to argue as I have maintained on a number of occasions that much of the problems of us, the Afro-Guyanese group, flow from the inability of our leaders to find good, positive answers to our perceived problems. Editor, let me end repeating a position I have written before:“A big part of the confusion and frustration of ordinary Afro-Guyanese would be the historical seeming preferment of Afro-Guyanese in the public service and nationalised industries in the earlier years of that 28-year period, which backfired when that administration had to accept the ERP programme with its medicine of retrenchments, shrinkings and closures in the public service and nationalised companies, and future work being contracted out to the Private Sector. During that 28-year period, Afro-Guyanese were steered away from private business and into the Government sector, then, later, being largely salary and wage earners, pauperised by an effective devaluation of about 1000 over that period.”Our problems, my dear Afro-Guyanese brothers, (to paraphrase from Shakespeare somewhere) lie not in our stars, nor with others, but with we ourselves and with those we countenance to become our leaders, who take themselves and our Afro group down paths that are not progressive as they propagate narratives that keep us tied to the past and to them with them in office.MP Figueira may be earnest in his call encouraging “Guyanese from all walks of life to come together for a national and truthful discourse on ethnic relations in Guyana”, however, his letter is no starting point.Yours truly,Samuel A A HindsFormer Presidentand formerPrime Minister
The Municipality of Chatham-Kent has launched a local survey to gauge the interest of communities outside Chatham – including Wallaceburg, Dresden and Ridgetown – in having a local public transit service or better services connecting area towns and villages. The survey is part of the municipality’s year-long project, Driving Forward. The project aims to evaluate the best public transit strategy for Chatham-Kent over the next five to 10 years. “Part of the strategy is to look at possibly expanding the service to new areas of Chatham-Kent or redeveloping the services currently offered within those areas,” said Ian Clark, transit project manager. “We want to get an understanding of, is there a demand for urban transit systems within those areas, is there a demand for better connections to neighbouring communities?” Wallaceburg already has an interurban transit route to Chatham and Dresden. The goal of the survey for Wallaceburg is to see if there’s any demand for a public transit system within the town limits while also looking at ways to improve the interurban connection to other towns. The survey is open online until Sept. 30. Clark said one idea the municipality has been considering is on-demand transit rather than fixed routes. “It essentially mean that the bus will only show up at the bus stop when it’s been hailed, whether that’s by a phone call, an app or a web portal,” he said. “We think that has great potential to more sustainably service the smaller areas of Chatham-Kent or different areas where there’s low ridership.” He said the on-demand model is much cheaper. Chatham’s bus fare is $2.50 and the interurban fare is $5. Clark said the feedback they’ve gotten over the past 18 months shows there’s a “real appetite for change and service improvement” when it comes to how public transit operates. He said the municipality is looking at everything, including fare models, new amenities, and how people book and pay for transit. “It’s really not a cost-savings measure, of course were conscious of the cost impacts, but it’s what can we do to encourage more people to use public transit as their option of choice.”
It started with a whimper but by the end of the decade, Indian television had arrived with a bang. The New Delhi Asian Games opened the floodgates for the small screen revolution, introducing new and far reaching horizons in communications and overnight altering priorities for sponsors and advertising agencies. In,It started with a whimper but by the end of the decade, Indian television had arrived with a bang. The New Delhi Asian Games opened the floodgates for the small screen revolution, introducing new and far reaching horizons in communications and overnight altering priorities for sponsors and advertising agencies. In terms of sheer growth, the television industry had no equal.When the then Prime minister Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency at midnight on June 25,1975, and went on television the next evening to justify her desperate action, only about five million Indians could have watched her in awed suspense. This year, when Rajiv Gandhi put up a virtuoso performance at the National Press Club in Washington, it showered down live on nearly six million TV sets with 60 million Indians watching and the setting ranging from rural community viewing centres to cozy living-rooms.Ten years ago, viewers grew weary of watching Mrs Gandhi cutting ribbons and deplaning at airports, with the only respite being provided by the weekly Chitrahaar and the Sunday feature film. Caustic critics nicknamed it “Devidarshan” and sent up slogans like “Tedium is the message.”Today, the range is phenomenally greater with the plethora of sponsored programmes – good, bad and indifferent. Indians are now witness to the television star phenomenon, something just not possible five years ago, and Indian children can now track the adventures of their favourite Walt Disney characters in live animation rather than from comic strips.With two million sets – including 800,000 colour sets – crossing the shop counters this year, at least four Indian homes are acquiring TV sets every minute of the day.Ten years ago, TV sets were mere status symbols, to be shown off than to be seen. The presence of a lone TV antenna atop a building turnedthe neighbours envious. Today, even a slum like Dharavi is crawling with antennae and even colour television has ceased to be an oddity.advertisementThe statistics are mind-boggling. From a mere 404 licences issued in 1965 and 4,55,430 in 1975, the number of sets was counted at 5.2 million when the licensing system was abolished early this year. And, with two million sets – including 800,000 colour sets – crossing the shop counters this year, at least four Indian homes are now acquiring TV sets every minute of the day.Even in 1982, just before the Asiad, there were only 16 transmitters beaming programmes to less than 8 per cent of people who could receive it on their sets. Today, 180 transmitters raise their steel torsos across the country, transmitting signals or beaming them via satellite to a potential audience that is 70 per cent of the nation’s population.From being a strictly evening ritual, the transmission hours now spill late into the night on weekdays and take up almost the whole of a Sunday. And the electronic deluge that has covered only 50 million Indians so far promises to swamp 300 million of them in another five years when an astounding 30 million sets will go into operation.Few countries in the world have seen such expensive bouts of television expansion. The Indian television industry’s rate of growth is nearly 50 per cent for this year alone. This, over an already impressive base of six million – only two million short of the number of TV sets in Britain.”Good programmes are like a habit-forming drug and we have injected that into society. Now watch the reaction.”V.N. Gadgill minister of state for Information and BroadcastingBy 1990, India will have drawn close to China with its estimated 35 million sets. “The growth of the television medium in India,” says Granada network chairman Sir Denis Forman, “is a stupendous phenomenon and the country has turned into a laboratory for communication experts.”But the real success of Indian television and Doordarshan, the Government authority that has been its midwife as well as possessive mother, lies in having turned the box from a propaganda platform into a major money-spinning entertainment arena.”Good programmes are like a habit-forming drug, and we have injected that into the society. Now watch the reaction,” boasts Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting V.N. Gadgil, himself a TV addict. And the ‘drug’ is coming not in niggardly doses but in torrents, largely because of the involvement of the private sector in making programmes for the box.In 1976, the Indian Market Research Bureau (IMRB), a prominent market research organisation, found only three programmes watched regularly by over 70 per cent of the viewers: Chhaya Geet (Bombay’s name for Chitrahaar), a melange of clips from singing scenes in popular films; Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan, a trivial and tacky talk show on film personalities interspersed with film clippings, and of course the weekly Hindi feature film.advertisementYeh Jo Hai Zindagi: Record audiencesBut last fortnight IMRB published a new television ratings points study (TRPS) which showed even the light sitcom Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi making it to the top of the charts at many places, including Bombay.Meanwhile, the survey shows that the feature film has slid down the ladder to the ninth position in Bombay, eighth in Delhi, and fifth in Madras while Phool Khile barely makes it to the bottom rung and that too only in Calcutta.”Television sneaked quietly into Indian life as a leisure alternative,” says Amit Khanna, a painstaking chronicler of the industry who himself makes television programmes now. “But when television came, the whole family was sold over to it. You watch as long as you like it When you don’t just flick the button.”But millions of families refused to flick the button when the possibilities of the medium first began to unfold. First came the coverage of the Montreal Olympics in 1976 and then the draw of the live telecast of cricket Test matches.For the first time film producers began talking about “low collection” because of cricket telecasts and started adjusting film release dates accordingly. The five-day match telecasts seemed boring to some but to many others it opened new opportunity for watching pleasure.”The live sports coverage’s were only a precursor, a sign of the times to come,” says Harish Khanna, debonair director-general of Doordarshan who was imaginatively chosen by Indira Gandhi in 1984 so that he could apply to Indian television the broadcasting experience acquired by him in the BBC where he had worked.”The growth of the TV medium in India is a stupendous phenomenon and the country is a laboratory for communication experts.”Denis Forman chairman, Granada networkThe real lift-off was in end-1982 when the challenge of telecasting the Asiad in New Delhi spawned all the trappings of a modern television society.Enter colour, shakily at first with the intensity of definition often fluctuating, but more assuredly with time. The number of transmitters went up from 16 prior to the Asiad to 41 during the games. The camera units began moving out of doors, their mobility greatly enhanced by newly-acquired outdoor broadcasting (OB) vans.Khanna recalls that the “insatiable hunger” for quality programmes was felt as early as 1975 when India decided to try the “slower option” by availing itself for one year only, the facility of satellite hook-up offered by the geostationary American satellite ATS-6.The programme called Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) was beamed to community sets in six rural clusters. It was an instant success.Says Gadgil: “The writing on the wall was very clear. Through television we have always wanted to educate people, to entertain them, and to inform. But after the expansion during the Asiad we reached the conclusion that none of the objectives could be fulfilled if the programmes lacked life.”advertisementThe cash registers never stopped ringing. Doordarshan, which had netted only Rs 77 lakh ten years ago, recorded a commercial revenue of Rs 32 crore last year alone.But even after attaining a sizeable reach, tedium was the sum total of its message throughout 1983 and most of 1984. Its news broadcast was (and still largely is) a grim litany of ministerial activities and an unending catalogue of ribbons cut and homilies uttered by the political master of the day.Its documentaries, barring a few golden exceptions, reeked of mindless bureaucracy. Reminisces S.S. Gill, who retired as information and broadcasting secretary last fortnight, but not before he had played a pivotal role in changing the face of television in the country: “After the Asiad we began having everything for television except only one thing: soul!”Two years later Gill was decorated with the Padma Bhushan for his epochal contribution to Indian television. It was during Gill’s stewardship of the ministry that the biggest breakthrough came when Doordarshan started accepting privately sponsored programmes.The advertisers were not even curious in the beginning and were happy with a flood of commercial spots, all cluttered before and after the film-based programmes. Thus, when Hum Log began 16 months ago, Gill was camping in Bombay, imploring companies to sponsor it.TV crusader Rajani: Raising social awarenessHowever, Hum Log caught the imagination of television viewers and triggered off a tornado of change. Software making companies mushroomed overnight. From virtually no takers in the middle of 1984, there are now 15 contenders on an average for each of the prime-time slots that Doordarshan can offer. From purely a buyer’s market, air-time entered the seller’s market.”It is the most persuasive, the most cost-effective and the quickest medium.” says Mike Khanna, the chief of Hindustan Thomson Associates (HTA), the advertising agency which enjoys top billing in the country.”No other medium offers such a high recall value,” echoes A.G. Krishnamurthy of Mudra Communications which sponsors Rajani. As late as 1983 Lakme Industries, one of the cosmetic leaders were spending only 25 per cent of their advertising budget on television campaigns. This year they are spending 80 per cent.But while advertisers were chasing targets of sales – and a maddening assortment of consumer products – an altogether new range of sponsored programmes began unravelling on the box, some good, some not-so-good, but nearly all finding niches in the popular mind. “The small screen is big business today, bigger than the Rs 110 crore movie industry,” quips Amit Khanna. But more than business the box began beckoning people to a new horizon of communication.”After the Asiad we began having everything for television except only one thing: soul!”S.S. Gill former secretary, Ministry of Information and BroadcastingThe first and most direct impact of this change was on people’s life-styles. The number of products jingling their way through ads saw the growth of an increasingly consumerist social attitude. Things looked good up there and the new commercial idiom was hard-sell.At the same time, TV and video dealt the cinema a blow from which it still has to recover. While the family clustered around the idiot box, movie halls began noticing a gradual but alarming drop in collections.The final proof of the film industry having succumbed to the threat of television came when established film makers like Mahesh Bhatt and Govind Nihalani premiered their Janam and Party respectively on television.But particularly significant was its subtle impact on politics. Rajiv Gandhi realised it from day one, when the lingering last shot of Doordarshan’s telecast of Mrs Gandhi’s funeral, silhouetting the young and handsome new prime minister against the setting sun, formed an everlasting image. But propaganda was not its only use and thankfully so. A breakthrough of sorts came with Janvaani, an on-screen inquisition of ministers which had a cathartic effect on the audience, offering them a token reassurance that inefficiency would find no place under the new dispensation.”The small screen is big business today, bigger than the Rs 110 crore movie industry.”Amit Khanna film makerThe television camera followed the prime minister on his tours of tribal areas and foreign soil, admittedly with much more professional skill than in Mrs Gandhi’s time. Television had come of age as the most potent tool for the manipulation of minds.While the Government tended to handle it politically, flinching from every suggestion of granting it autonomy (“It is irrelevant,” said Gadgil) air-time was choc-a-bloc with sponsored programmes – Khandaan, an Indian variant of Dynasty, a serial based on an adaptation of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, a private-eye serial called Karamchand, the news-based Newsline, a Sunday quiz show, Darpan – a serial based on short stories in Indian languages – and a host of other serials, besides the highly rated sitcoms, Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi, Rajani and Hum Log.The private sector was cautiously allowed to nibble at current affairs, hitherto a closed preserve of Doordarshan. And the cash register never stopped ringing. Doordarshan, which had netted only Rs 77 lakh ten years ago, recorded a commercial revenue of Rs 32 crore last year alone.Doordarshan Director-General Harish Khanna forcefully argues that the revenue has grown without any strings attached. “Only 4.8 per cent of TV time is used for commercials,” he says.Hum Log: The path-breaking serialBut with the distinct possibility of nearly Rs 50 crore in revenue next year – a quarter of the money to be spent on advertisements for consumer products nation-wide – advertisers do not want to take chances.”As matters stand now,” says Mike Khanna, “the agency and the advertisers are kept only on the fringe for sponsored programmes. The producers deal directly with Doordarshan, get concept approval and air time allotted and then shop around for buyers.”The advertisers want more of the “message”, much more than what Doordarshan now allows by way of 90 seconds of free time for 25 minutes of sponsored programme. So far Doordarshan has resisted the pressure, but it cannot hold out for long if the gap in programme value between its own product and that implemented by the private sector widens.And to make it possible, Doordarshan has to yank itself out of the Government-job syndrome, paying its staff fair wages and not just government pay scales and raise their level of training and intellect.Ten years ago, it was an extended public address system for politicians. Today, it is a gigantic window through which 50 million Indians peer at the world.But the winds of change are inexorable. Sponsored programmes with their sheer mass appeal have given Doordarshan a competitive edge. And the overwhelming power of the idiot box is being felt like never before. Ten years ago, it was an extended public address system for politicians. Today, it is a gigantic window through which 50 million Indians peer at the world.
AFC Champions League Wasteful Sydney FC miss chance to beat Shanghai Shenhua Harry West Last updated 1 year ago 03:45 22/2/2018 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) AFC Champions League Cerezo Osaka v Guangzhou Evergrande Suwon Bluewings v Kashima Antlers Buriram United v Jeju United Shanghai Shenhua v Sydney Suwon Bluewings Buriram United Kashima Antlers Sydney Jeju United Guangzhou Evergrande Cerezo Osaka Shanghai Shenhua There were wins for Kashima Antlers and Jeju United in the AFC Champions League while Shanghai Shenhua and Sydney FC shared the spoils. Kashima Antlers took top spot in AFC Champions League Group H as Mu Kanazaki’s brace earned his side a 2-1 win at Suwon Bluewings on Wednesday.The visitors forged ahead in the eighth minute as Kanazaki slotted home from Yasushi Endo’s sensational first-time pass, but Suwon wasted a golden chance to level as Leo Silva fouled Waguininho in the box only for Dejan Damjanovic to see his weak spot-kick saved by Kwoun Sun-tae.Kanazaki had his second shortly before the hour, heading in on the line after Yuma Suzuki had nodded across the face of goal, and Cristovam’s 89th-minute strike through the legs of Kwoun was scant consolation. Editors’ Picks Williams case shows Solskjaer isn’t holding Man Utd’s youngsters back – he’s protecting them Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp Kashima have four points from two matches while Suwon have three with Shanghai Shenhua and Sydney FC on two and one respectively following their 2-2 draw.FULL-TIME | @bluewingsfc (KOR) 1-2 @atlrs_official (JPN)Kashima Antlers hang on to defeat Suwon Samsung Bluewings and bag the three points! #ACL2018 #SSBvKSM pic.twitter.com/V7iaEhCrCf — AFC Champions League (@TheAFCCL) February 21, 2018 Shanghai took the lead midway through the first half as the experienced Obafemi Martins bundled home at the front post from Li Yunqiu’s low cross, but within eight minutes Sydney had turned it around.Luke Wilkshire converted the rebound after Li Shuai saved Bobo’s header and Milos Ninkovic showed fine footwork to tee up Alex Brosque, who smashed high into the roof of the net.The hosts were level before the break, however, as Andrew Redmayne punched Bai Jiajun’s cross to the edge of the area, where Fredy Guarin cushioned a calm volley beyond the despairing dive of the scrambling goalkeeper.In Group G, Jeju United won 2-0 at Buriram United thanks to goals in the opening 21 minutes – Lee Chang-min’s fine 25-yard strike and Magno Cruz’s successful penalty after Jakkaphan Kaewprom had fouled Jin Seong-uk.The other fixture in that group, between Cerezo Osaka and two-time champions Guangzhou Evergrande, ended 0-0.It’s extremely tight in #ACL2018 Group G after two games played! pic.twitter.com/WKRXD55WUz — AFC Champions League (@TheAFCCL) February 21, 2018
Roma Who is Cengiz Under? Roma finally have their replacement for Liverpool star Salah Mark Doyle Deputy Features Editor Last updated 1 year ago 16:00 23/2/2018 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Getty Images Roma Serie A Shakhtar Donetsk v Roma Roma v Milan Milan Shakhtar Donetsk UEFA Champions League Opinion The Turkish sensation initially struggled to settle at the Stadio Olimpico but the 20-year-old has now netted five times in his last four appearances Manchester City or Roma? That was the dilemma facing Cengiz Under last summer. The Turkish starlet had previously admitted he wanted to play in England more than any other country in Europe. Indeed, he hadn’t even mentioned Serie A while discussing his preferred leagues.However, it became a question of first-team opportunities. According to Cengiz’s agent, Omer Uzun, City were “working in collaboration with Freiburg” with a view to signing the attacker and immediately loaning him to the German side. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Williams case shows Solskjaer isn’t holding Man Utd’s youngsters back – he’s protecting them Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp Cengiz wasn’t keen and instead opted to join Roma, with Monchi proving the “decisive factor”, according to Omer. Roma’s sporting director had forged a reputation as one of the greatest talent scouts in world football by turning several low-cost signings into superstars during his time at Sevilla and he convinced Cengiz that there would be far less obstacles placed between him and the senior squad at the Stadio Olimpico than the Etihad.The Spaniard proved true to his word. Cengiz started Roma’s Serie A opener, against Atalanta, on the bench, but he featured as a substitute during the following weekend’s meeting with Inter at San Siro before earning his first start at home to Verona on matchday three.Cengiz clearly hadn’t settled, though, either at Roma or in Rome, and his difficulties in acclimatising manifested themselves in poor performances. He had never lived alone before and he also struggled with the language. Unsurprisingly, he found the first few months “difficult”. Before the winter break, there were even reports that the €14.9 million signing would be loaned to Sassuolo in exchange for Matteo Politano, a Roma academy graduate who had also previously worked with coach Eusebio Di Francesco at MAPEI Stadium.This was unknown territory for Cengiz, whose career had progressed seamlessly and rapidly up until that point. After starring in Turkey’s second tier for Altinordu as a 17-year-old, he then took the Super Lig by storm with Istanbul Basaksehir, racking up nine goals and seven assists to force his way into the national team squad.By November of last year, he had netted three times in six appearances for his country, so coach Mircea Lucescu took a vested interest in the prodigy’s situation.He spoke Italian with him to help him improve his linguistic skills and urged him to remain at Roma and resist all loan offers.“I also advised Di Francesco to persist with him and work patiently with him because his qualities would’ve come out in the long run,” the Turkey boss revealed.”I’ll be counting on him a lot in the future. Cengiz will become a pillar of the new national team.”The Roma boss didn’t need convincing of the player’s, though. He wasn’t about to give up on Cengiz just yet.Aside from the youngster’s pace, excellent dribbling skills and powerful left foot – all of which combined to earn him the nickname ‘The Turkish Dybala’ – Di Francesco was impressed by Cengiz’s humility and work ethic. “Cengiz was a wise choice by the club, he needs to improve his choices, but since he arrived, he plays far more for the team than the individual,” the former Sassuolo coach enthused.“Cengiz is only 20, he came to Serie A from another world in football terms. We are not accustomed in Italy to waiting for young talent to develop and I say that with irritation. “People are so quick to point the finger and claim he’s not good enough even to play for the Primavera youth team. You must wait for players to develop.“Obviously a player like Cengiz needs a little more time to assimilate the change in league, the directives or movements that are asked of him.”At this moment, the player has this capacity, sharpness and exuberance to transform what I ask for into something remarkable. I hope he can continue like this, but he must never give up or lose his humility.“But if he keeps training with this determination and hunger, he can become a leader on the pitch.”As a result, he continued to make use of the 20-year-old as a substitute in December before starting him on the left wing against Sampdoria on January 24. Roma were beaten 1-0 in Genoa – their sixth game in a row without a win – but Cengiz had impressed. His reward was a start on his preferred right wing for Roma’s next outing, at Verona, and he took just 43 seconds to vindicate Di Francesco’s faith in him, cutting inside past two players before finding the bottom corner with a sweet strike of his favoured left foot.It kickstarted not only Cengiz’s career but also Roma’s season. They beat Benevento 5-2 the following weekend at the Stadio Olimpico before triumphing 2-0 at Udinese on Saturday. Cengiz was involved in four of those goals, scoring three and creating another. Six months after Mohamed Salah’s departure for Liverpool, it was quickly claimed that Roma had finally found a worthy successor and there was a clamour for Cengiz to retain his place in the starting line-up for the Champions League last-16 first-leg clash with Shakhtar Donetsk.The winger had not been afforded a single minute during Roma’s group-stage campaign but now Di Francesco felt the youngster was ready.”He is in the optimal psychological mindset and can make the most of any situation,” he enthused, “whereas a few weeks ago he was short on confidence and was hitting [shots] into the stands.”His remarkable transformation was underlined by the way in which he kept his composure to put Roma ahead in Kharkiv to mark his first Champions League appearance with his first Champions League goal.The Giallorossi ultimately fell to a 2-1 defeat but, ahead of this weekend’s crucial Serie A clash with a resurgent AC Milan, there is now no doubt that Cengiz will start at the Stadio Olimpico.Manchester City or Roma? It’s taken a while but Cengiz now knows that he made the right choice.
United States Americans Abroad: Weah’s nearly perfect debut while Johannsson saves Bremen Ben Valentine Last updated 1 year ago 01:00 6/3/2018 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Getty Images United States Bundesliga Borussia M’gladbach v Werder Bremen RB Leipzig v Borussia Dortmund Troyes v PSG Schalke 04 v Hertha BSC Troyes Hertha BSC Borussia Dortmund Werder Bremen PSG RB Leipzig Borussia M’gladbach Schalke 04 Ligue 1 Videos The teenager nearly capped his first team bow with a goal while the Bremen forward netted his first goal since 2016 to save a result for his club Getting on the field for a star-studded team like Paris Saint-Germain as a teenager is something a player will never forget, but for Timothy Weah, his debut for the Ligue 1 leaders almost turned into something beyond special.Weah entered in the 79th minute with PSG up 2-0 over Troyes, nearly 23 years after his father George Weah last suited up for the French giants, and was given the central forward role for the side. He used his pace to create a great opportunity for himself in stoppage time as he was able to simply outrun defenders to a ball just over the halfway line, getting into a one-on-one against the Troyes goalkeeper.Unfortunately for Weah, he put his shot straight at the keeper, denying him the chance to cap his debut with his first ever senior team goal. The whistle blew soon after. Editors’ Picks Williams case shows Solskjaer isn’t holding Man Utd’s youngsters back – he’s protecting them Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp It could’ve been the dream start for PSG’s Timothy Weah!A good save, or should he have done better there? pic.twitter.com/tR3iRD9iew — Goal USA (@GoalUSA) March 3, 2018 “I was really happy to play in Ligue 1 today,” Weah told PSG’s official website after the game . “I would like to thank the coach, the staff and the other players who have been really nice. I came close to scoring, that would have been the icing on the cake.“I hope to be able to play again and score goals. Coming just after my 18th birthday, it’s like a birthday present. I’m happy to play for the club of my heart.” The 18-year-old United States youth international has featured for PSG’s youth side and reserve side this year and impressed enough to earn this opportunity. While it is important to note this was a unique chance – PSG was without Neymar and Kylian Mbappe due to injury while the second leg of their tie against Real Madrid on Tuesday made Unai Emery rest numerous other players – Weah put himself in position to earn it by his strong play outside of the first team this season.Whether or not he gets another run out this year for PSG remains to be seen. But it was a great moment for the youngster, and showed a glimpse of the talent that helped get him there.Johannsson renaissance continues with equalizer Aron Johannsson’s journey from forgotten man to important team member continued this past weekend with the reward he’s been searching for.A goal.Johannsson has been impactful in Werder Bremen’s last month of games, making key plays in the buildup to important goals in the Bundesliga. But while those moments could prove key in keeping Bremen in the Bundesliga for next season, Johannsson had yet to record a goal or assist in the league. His one tally came in the DFB Pokal, in a match Bremen ultimately lost.But that changed this past weekend when Johannsson came on as a substitute at the half against Borussia Monchengladbach, with Bremen trailing 2-0 on the road. Thomas Delaney would get the first goal back for Bremen but it would be Johannsson who secured the club with a share of the points.A low cross was played into the area. Jerome Gondorf, with his back to goal, laid it into the path of the oncoming Johannsson, who blasted it into the net to level the scoreline at 2-2. Left no doubt! That’s two goals in the last month for @aronjo20 . pic.twitter.com/KdiaoKMJEJ — U.S. Soccer MNT (@ussoccer_mnt) March 2, 2018 It’s exactly what Bremen coach Florian Kohfeldt is aiming for with Johannsson. The manager was quoted by BILD as saying : “Aron has a very high priority for us when he comes on. He always creates openings and is very dangerous.”Likewise his teammates are pleased for him.”Aron was a great help to us,” Milos Veljkovic said in quotes published by kreiszeitung.de . “He works very hard on himself.”Johannsson, for his part, hopes to be a starter, but right now is pleased to have found the net once more. It was his first league goal since September 2016, and he knew he needed to capitalize on an opportunity to help Bremen secure a result.”I’m so glad that we got ourselves back into the game,” Johannsson told Bundesliga.com after the game . “I had already had two good chances, so I’m really pleased I managed to put the third away.”And Johannsson, 27, hasn’t given up hopes of representing the United States again on the international stage. He has not played for the U.S. since September 2015, thanks to injuries limiting his time on the field.”The biggest thing for me in football is to play for and represent my country so I hope I can continue to get some minutes on the pitch and to score some goals,” Johannsson said. “In the end, I hope to play for the national team again.”The thought of Johannsson representing the U.S. once more seemed like a far likier thing a few months ago than a successful return into the Bremen side. Now that he’s managed the latter, it’s certainly possible the former could happen as well.But in the meantime, he’ll just need to keep impressing his coaches and teammates. If he can, starts and his desired national team call-up may follow.Pulisic drops to the bench for Dortmund For most of Christian Pulisic’s time as a professional, he’s been on the upswing, earning praise and playing time as he continued to develop at Borussia Dortmund. But now the teenager has suffered through a loss of form, and it’s handed him arguably the first piece of adversity at the club level in his career.Pulisic has found himself relegated to the bench for Dortmund’s last two league games — dropped in favor of an attacking midfield trio of Andre Schurrle, Mario Gotze and Marco Reus, who support central striker Michy Batshuayi. Reus, in particular, has been in sparkling form since his return from injury, as he has now scored three times in his four Bundesliga games.While Pulisic has been on the bench for multiple games before, that was when he was seen as a young player who was more of a key rotation option than as a starter. Under Peter Bosz he had become an important starter, so the loss of his spot under Peter Stoger really cannot be looked at any other way than as a setback.It is worth remembering that this has been the concern for Pulisic for two years. When Marco Reus is healthy, he is an automatic starter. While he can play across attacking midfield, he ideally deployed on the wing. That leaves one spot for Pulisic, and that spot is taken by Schurrle at the moment.Also in the mix for Pulisic is Maximilian Philipp, who showed very well early in the season before missing substantial time with injury. Philipp was the first player off the bench this past weekend in the 1-1 draw with RB Leipzig, replacing Gotze, with Pulisic coming on for a late cameo.Dortmund has a busy slate over the next two weeks. There is a Europa League last-16 tie with Red Bull Salzburg. That tie sandwiches a battle against Timothy Chandler and Eintracht Frankfurt in a match that has top-four importance, as both Dortmund and Frankfurt are locked on 42 points, with BVB in third due to its superior goal difference. Then finally, a clash against Hannover.There’s not a match in there that Dortmund can afford to lose, so Stoger will likely have to rotate starters or make plenty of use of his substitutes. That should mean chances for Pulisic to make a case as to why he should return to the Dortmund XI.McKennie makes Schalke return Though many of the big American names in the Bundesliga have fallen on hard times of late due to form issues (Pulisic and Bobby Wood) or injury (John Brooks and Fabian Johnson), there was some good news for another American beside Johannsson this past weekend. Weston McKennie made his way back from injury.McKennie made the bench for Schalke’s match against Hertha Berlin and came on in the 80th minute in the 1-0 win. He had last appeared on Jan. 21 when he suffered a partial tear of his medial collateral ligament in his right knee, which was to sideline him for six weeks.The midfielder made an impressive recovery from the injury, returning to games in five weeks, rather than just to training, something he was anxious to do.“It was tough,” McKennie told Schalke’s official website late last week when asked how his rehab was. “I couldn’t do what I love doing most and had to work my way back instead. Running on a treadmill in front of a mirror isn’t as fun as being out on the pitch with the team. You’ve just got to get through it.”McKennie also described what happened when he first suffered the injury and the support he received from his teammates in the early going.“Normally, I always try to get straight back up on my feet and carry on when I’m fouled as I don’t want to get substituted!” McKennie said. “However, in that moment, I thought I’d really seriously injured myself. Thankfully, it wasn’t as bad as I first feared.“What really helped was the support I received from my teammates. The whole team asked after me and wanted to know how I was getting on. Leon [Goretzka] surprised me when I had my MRI scan and came along with me. Naldo, Breel [Embolo] and Thilo [Kehrer] kept asking me how I’m doing and that was great. It helped me concentrate on my rehabilitation.”McKennie returns to a Schalke side in second in the Bundesliga table, though the club is just two points out of fifth place and four from sixth. The teen will look to make a positive impact in that tight race for a top-four spot, with the optimism that perhaps his time away may have helped him grow.“I feel great,” McKennie said. “I’ve been able to train fully for the first time this week and I feel like a brand-new player. Maybe the injury has actually turned me into a better player.”
West Ham 0 Burnley 3: Wood double overshadowed by crowd issues Rob Lancaster Last updated 1 year ago 00:56 11/3/2018 Getty Images Substitute Chris Wood scored twice as Burnley overcame West Ham in a game marred by crowd problems. West Ham suffered a 3-0 defeat to Burnley in a game marred by crowd trouble, both on and off the pitch, at the London Stadium on Saturday.Substitute Chris Wood scored twice after Ashley Barnes’ 66th-minute opener as Sean Dyche’s visitors made it back-to-back wins in the Premier League.However, the focus was less about football and more on the actions of West Ham’s fans, with three separate pitch invasions forcing referee Lee Mason to hold up proceedings. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Williams case shows Solskjaer isn’t holding Man Utd’s youngsters back – he’s protecting them Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp A pair of fans entered the field of play – with one clashing with West Ham captain Mark Noble – after Barnes fired a left-footed rocket beyond the recalled Joe Hart to break the deadlock.There were also further stoppages in play after both of Wood’s goals, with one intruder planting the corner flag in the centre circle in a show of frustration.Others vented their feelings about co-owners David Sullivan and David Gold in the stands as a day when the club paid tribute to former captain Bobby Moore – who died 25 years ago – became memorable for all the wrong reasons.Never Forgotten. #RememberingBobby pic.twitter.com/GilYguwDgT— West Ham United (@WestHamUtd) March 10, 2018Sullivan and Gold were forced to evacuate their seats while a large number of the home crowd remained after the final whistle to continue their complaints.West Ham’s problems are not just confined to an unhappy fanbase, though. A third successive Premier League loss slips them down to 16th in the table, just three points above the relegation zone.Joe Hart returned between the posts as David Moyes made five changes to his starting XI after back-to-back 4-1 defeats, yet it was Burnley’s Nick Pope – the 25-year-old who has capitalised on Tom Heaton’s unfortunate shoulder injury to emerge as a contender to make England’s World Cup squad – who was the busier of the two keepers in a scoreless first half.The visitors relied on their last line of defence to deny Marko Arnautovic and Manuel Lanzini, Pope using his feet to good effect to turn away low drives.West Ham felt aggrieved not to be awarded a penalty before the break when Aaron Cresswell’s cross struck Aaron Lennon’s arm, with referee Mason dismissing the vociferous appeals.Burnley failed to have a shot on target in the opening half, but thought they had taken the lead when Barnes fired low underneath Hart in the 53rd minute.While his left-footed finish was ruled out by a raised flag from the referee’s assistant, the disallowed goal tempted Dyche to summon Wood from the bench and go with two up top.The positive change worked a treat too, as the second-half replacement provided the cut-back pass from the right to allow Barnes to emphatically fire Burnley ahead.Wood tapped home Lennon’s mis-hit shot from close range to make it 2-0 and then reacted quickly to capitalise on Hart’s failure to hold Johann Berg Gudmundsson’s drive, turning the atmosphere toxic.3 – Chris Wood is the first player to be involved in three Premier League goals as a substitute in a match since Steven Naismith scored a hat-trick for Everton against Chelsea in September 2015. Super. https://t.co/z5C9EkOGqI— OptaJoe (@OptaJoe) March 10, 2018 On any other occasion, Hart’s error would have made the headlines. Instead, West Ham’s supporters will be in the spotlight after the astonishing scenes that unfolded. Key Opta stats: – West Ham have lost three league games in a row by a margin of 3+ goals for the first time since March 2008.- Burnley have now recorded their highest points tally in a single Premier League season (43), with eight games still to spare.- Ashley Barnes has scored in three successive appearances for Burnley – the last time he scored in three successive games was back in May 2011 for Brighton (four games).- Of goalkeepers to have appeared in at least four matches this season, Joe Hart has the worst goals conceded per game average (2.2 per game). read more