Rights and duties

first_imgOne of the challenges to nation-building that is not discussed widely enough is, ironically, the focus of the United Nations and other institutions of the modern state system on “human rights”. Because of the universal adoption of the UN Declaration of Human Rights and its adoption into national statutory binding laws with nary a mention of “human duties”, a situation has been fostered where individuals are simply driven to exercise those rights. Upon being pressed, they may concede that each “right” implies a correlative “duty”, but the latter is lost in the shuffle.However, even the most cursory reflection on the reality of human rights suggests this imbalance creates an untenable situation. For instance, unless rights of citizens are backed up by a duty of the state to enforce them, they are simply aspirational. And if the state does fulfil its duty to enforce the rights of its citizens – say to insist the forces of law and order ensure citizens are not subject to violent assaults by other citizens – do not citizens have a duty to pay their taxes so the forces of law and order can be compensated?At one time, almost all societies via the “religions” they practised – Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Confucianism and African religions – focused on the duties of individuals rather than their rights. But in the West at least, this led to great abuses when the ruling strata used their “might” to ensure the duties only flowed upwards. While in theory, the feudal lords might have a duty to their serfs, who was going to apply sanctions on the former if they lapsed? The struggle for “rights” was therefore launched within the “Enlightenment” to correct this state of affairs first as movements for reform in the 17th Century in Europe and then via revolutions at the end of the 18th.But the emphasis on duties did not just disappear immediately: in fact, they were used to inculcate the new privileging of individual “human rights”. For instance, the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen of 1789 – stressing “life, liberty and fraternity” has its counterpart in the 1795 Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man and Citizen of 1795. It noted pertinently: “The maintenance of society requires that those who compose it should both know and fulfil their duties.” But with the passage of time, the baby was thrown out with the bathwater and henceforth, the “Rights of Man” held centre stage.The flaw in the argument for individual rights lies in eliding the fact that man is not a solitary being but a social one. And the exigencies of that existence demand the necessary reciprocity of expectations to coordinate the activities of the collectivity for its survival be sustained through corresponding rights and duties. The right to drive one’s car on the road implied the duty to drive on one mutually agreed side, so that anarchy does not become the norm. But, unfortunately, even though the individual right to accumulate at the expense of the collective has led to an ever-widening gap between “the haves and the have-nots”, the duty that is implicit in distributive justice even in the welfare state has not offered a vocabulary to make duty as fundamental as rights.Of recent, the reintroduction of “duties” of man is coming from an unexpected quarter: environmentalism. Part and parcel of the post-Enlightenment insistence on the “rights of man” was man’s “dominion” over the earth and his right to “exploit” it as he saw fit. While there were early reactions against such thinking, notably among the 19th Century Romantics, they were dismissed as “idealists”. But with the earth facing a catastrophic climatic disaster, there is now a growing awareness that man also has a duty towards his environment.We have to transpose that global concern to our local Guyanese circumstance. We each have to be our brother’s keeper or we all face disaster.last_img read more

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Platini vows to fight ‘injustice’ at FIFA appeal

first_imgFIFA judges in December banned Platini from all football activities for eight years over a 2 million Swiss franc payment ($2 million, 1.8 million euros) he received from FIFA’s disgraced president Sepp Blatter in 2011.At the initial hearing, FIFA’s tribunal dismissed explanations from Platini’s lawyers that the payment — reportedly for consulting work done a decade earlier — was part of a legitimate oral contract between the Frenchman and Blatter.Platini boycotted that hearing, claiming judgement against him had been pre-determined, but he appeared on Monday, vowing that if the evidence against him had been credible, he would have stayed away.“If I had anything to feel guilty about, I would be in Siberia, hiding in shame,” the ex-Juventus great told journalists outside FIFA.Platini had been Blatter’s heir apparent and was the favourite to win a February 26 vote to become FIFA’s next president.But, following his December 21 ban from the game, Platini withdrew as a candidate from FIFA’s presidential race and said he planned to focus on clearing his name.The European football confederation UEFA said it will not hold an election to choose Platini’s successor until the suspended president’s appeals have been exhausted.The FIFA appeals committee offers Platini the first shot to overturn his ban, but if that panel rules against him, he is expected to take his case to the Court of Arbitration for Sport in Lausanne.“We’ll see what happens,” he told reporters outside FIFA. “Maybe this is not over.”Blatter, also banned from football for eight years over the notorious payment, has an appeals committee hearing set for Tuesday.The two men have become the most high-profile casualties in a unprecedented, wide-ranging scandal within world football that has seen dozens of people charged with graft.The saga has provoked endless discussion about the complicated relationship between Blatter and Platini, once the two most powerful men in football, who previously were allies but later became rivals.Platini on Monday seemed to dismiss suggestions that Blatter was responsible for his troubles.“Is it Blatter who put me in this situation? Not at all, because he is in the same situation as me, but someone pushed the button (against me) and I will try to find out who,” he said.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Michael Platini appeared at FIFA’s headquarters on Monday to appeal against his eight-year ban from the sport over ethics violations.PHOTO FILE/AFPZURICH, February 15 – The fallen head of European football, Michel Platini, appeared at FIFA’s headquarters on Monday to appeal against his eight-year ban from the sport over ethics violations.“I am not fighting for my future, but against injustice,” the former French star told journalists outside the Zurich headquarters of world football’s governing body.last_img read more

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Critters at nature center feed on donated produce

first_imgThat was a year ago, and since then Santana calls the nature center’s staff weekly to come pick up packaged salads that have passed the expiration date, tomatoes that are starting to wrinkle, apples or peaches that have been pinched and bruised, and just about any other slightly aging produce items. Everything except chiles and onions. “The food would just go to waste,” he said. “I would have to throw it out because it passed the expiration date or it’s not fit for the public to buy.” But it is a treat for the nature center’s animals, which include a great horned owl, an iguana, a tortoise, an alligator, lizards, a boa constrictor and three other types of snakes. “Joe’s been so nice about giving us the food,” said Colleen Mackey, a county regional park superintendent. MONTEBELLO – When Joseph Santana, the produce manager at the local Albertsons store, got a call asking if he had any food for animals, he naturally assumed it was a joke. “I asked them to send me a letter, just in case someone was playing a prank on me,” he said Friday, unpacking cartons of blueberries at the supermarket where he has worked for the past six years. Sure enough, a few days later, the letter of confirmation arrived. It was from officials at the Whittier Narrows Nature Center, asking whether the store could possibly donate any vegetables or fruit that Santana was going to throw out anyway. Santana’s donation saves the nature center approximately $200 per month in food costs, she added. The animals each have their own food preferences. The iguana, for instance, loves blueberries and prefers butter lettuce and spinach over romaine. That’s good news for the tortoise, Mackay said, since it prefers romaine and mangoes. sandra.molina@sgvn.com (562) 698-0955, Ext. 3028last_img read more

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Ernani Bernardi, former Valley councilmember, dies

first_imgLOS ANGELES (AP) — Ernani Bernardi, a big-band musician-turned-politician who for 32 years on the City Council railed against waste of the taxpayer’s dollar, has died. He was 94. Bernardi died Wednesday, the office of council President Eric Garcetti said Thursday. Bernardi “was well and rightly known as ‘the conscience of the council’ through his work on political transparency, campaign finance, rent control and much more,” Garcetti said in a statement on his Web log site. “May his spirit guide our reflection and our stewardship of the city he loved.” Bernardi’s 7th District included the conservative northeast San Fernando Valley. He served eight terms, retiring in 1993. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORECoach Doc Rivers a “fan” from way back of Jazz’s Jordan Clarkson During his cantankerous career, Bernardi helped establish the city’s first campaign reform law, fought against overdevelopment and took on the powerful civil employee unions over the costs of salaries and pensions.last_img read more

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Job Vacancies: Green Vehicle Recycling seek mechanic and HGV lorry driver

first_imgTwo job opportunities exist at Green Vehicle Recycling Ltd.Mechanic / Apprentice:• Good knowledge of all vehicles and parts• Must be able to work on own initiative & work as part of a team HGV Lorry Driver:• To drive rigid and artic trucks, from 7 and half ton recovery to artic low loader & tippers• A full clean driver’s licence and a up to date CPCYard Person / Forklift Driver• Forklift licence would be an advantage • Stripping parts and loading trucks• Keeping the yard & work shop tidy• Training will be providedPlease send CV via email to jamie@gvr.ie or call +353 (0) 749.120.300Job Vacancies: Green Vehicle Recycling seek mechanic and HGV lorry driver was last modified: April 30th, 2018 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Man United boss Mourinho wary of facing former club Chelsea in FA Cup

first_img Manchester United boss Jose Mourinho is set to face former club Chelsea in the FA Cup 1 Manchester United boss Jose Mourinho admits Chelsea are likely to throw a full-strength team at them in their FA Cup quarter-final, saying his former club already have the Premier League title in the bag.United booked their place in the last eight by edging Championship strugglers Blackburn 2-1 on Sunday, with Zlatan Ibrahimovic stepping off the bench to net the vital winner.Read more: ‘Blackburn Rovers deserved FA Cup replay’, admits MourinhoTheir reward was a trip to Mourinho’s former Stamford Bridge stomping ground for the first time since October, when the Blues ran out 4-0 winners in a significant show of strength.The Portuguese wasted no time in framing the narrative, suggesting Chelsea’s eight-point lead had effectively settled the title race and they could now focus on making it a domestic double.Mourinho was equally keen to point out how crowded United’s schedule is, with a Europa League campaign ongoing, an EFL Cup final appearance on the horizon and the battle for fourth place intensifying.Despite initially offering “no reaction” to the draw, Mourinho quickly changed tack.“Probably Chelsea can only think about that [the FA Cup] because I think they are champions and they have nothing else to fight for,” he said.“The FA Cup is something I believe is important for them. I have to play St Etienne [on Wednesday], I have to play the [League Cup] final, I have to play hopefully another opponent in the Europa League. I have to fight for a top-four position in the Premier League.“I have so many things to think about.”Those differences stressed, he then added: “The match is in one month’s time. I don’t want to be speaking about it.”last_img read more

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Man will be arraigned in samurai sword attack

first_imgThe suspect was taken into custody about a half- hour later by California Highway Patrol officers after he got into a car crash on Garvey Avenue near the San Bernardino (10) Freeway in El Monte, police said. Williams has a prior criminal record and is being held on $1 million bail, officials said. Looney and El Monte police Lt. Bob Elkin, who has been on the force for 29 years, said samurai sword attacks are rare. “I have never seen anything like this with a samurai sword but I have only been here one year,” Looney said. “But then again, it doesn’t take long to see everything.” nisha.gutierrez@sgvn.com (626) 962-8811, Ext. 2109 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! WEST COVINA – A Valinda man accused of stabbing the mother of his child with a samurai sword is expected to be arraigned this week at the West Covina courthouse. Shane Williams, 33, faces three felony counts of attempted murder, assault with a deadly weapon and domestic violence, court officials said. Williams was arrested Wednesday after police said he allegedly stabbed his child’s mother multiple times with a sword. The victim, identified only as a woman in her mid-20s, was attacked about 4:50 p.m. Wednesday in the 16000 block of Harvest Moon Street in Valinda, where Williams was living with his stepfather, said Industry sheriff’s Sgt. Glen Looney. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWhicker: John Jackson greets a Christmas that he wasn’t sure he’d seeThe victim was visiting Williams when the two became involved in a domestic dispute. Their child was not inside the house when the attack occurred, sheriff’s officials said. Looney said Williams pulled out the samurai sword and slashed the woman three to four times. She was taken to Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center and underwent surgery. The detective working the case said the woman is “stable, alert and conscious but traumatized.” Sgt. Gerard Velona said Williams fled the house before police arrived. last_img read more

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Paatelainen: Win over Killie shows Dundee United can beat anyone

first_img“It is only one match but we believe we can get out of this situation. Maybe we’re daft but we do. “We do have it in us to win matches and we showed that today.” United now take on bottom-six rivals Partick, Hamilton and Motherwell in their next three league fixtures, though they may be without Coll Donaldson, who suffered a broken nose, for a spell. “We will keep fighting until it is over,” said Paatelainen. “Now we turn our eyes to next week against Thistle. We know on our day we can beat them all.” Mixu Paatelainen believes Dundee United’s thumping 5-1 win over Kilmarnock shows that his side can “beat them all.”The Terrors grabbed a much-needed three points to close the gap at the foot of the Scottish Premiership table, putting five past Gary Locke’s visitors to Tannadice.The gap between 12th and 11th place now stands at 11 points and Paatalainen is adamant that his team can pull off an unlikely escape.The Finn said: “I thought we played with very good intensity, the work-rate was unbelievable and we scored goals – that made it easier for us. last_img read more

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Survey launched to improve transit for Chatham’s neighbouring areas

first_imgThe Municipality of Chatham-Kent has launched a local survey to gauge the interest of communities outside Chatham – including Wallaceburg, Dresden and Ridgetown – in having a local public transit service or better services connecting area towns and villages. The survey is part of the municipality’s year-long project, Driving Forward. The project aims to evaluate the best public transit strategy for Chatham-Kent over the next five to 10 years. “Part of the strategy is to look at possibly expanding the service to new areas of Chatham-Kent or redeveloping the services currently offered within those areas,” said Ian Clark, transit project manager. “We want to get an understanding of, is there a demand for urban transit systems within those areas, is there a demand for better connections to neighbouring communities?” Wallaceburg already has an interurban transit route to Chatham and Dresden. The goal of the survey for Wallaceburg is to see if there’s any demand for a public transit system within the town limits while also looking at ways to improve the interurban connection to other towns. The survey is open online until Sept. 30. Clark said one idea the municipality has been considering is on-demand transit rather than fixed routes. “It essentially mean that the bus will only show up at the bus stop when it’s been hailed, whether that’s by a phone call, an app or a web portal,” he said. “We think that has great potential to more sustainably service the smaller areas of Chatham-Kent or different areas where there’s low ridership.” He said the on-demand model is much cheaper. Chatham’s bus fare is $2.50 and the interurban fare is $5. Clark said the feedback they’ve gotten over the past 18 months shows there’s a “real appetite for change and service improvement” when it comes to how public transit operates. He said the municipality is looking at everything, including fare models, new amenities, and how people book and pay for transit. “It’s really not a cost-savings measure, of course were conscious of the cost impacts, but it’s what can we do to encourage more people to use public transit as their option of choice.”last_img read more

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Stratford edges Spencer softball in pitcher’s duel

first_imgVanDerLeest knocks in game-winner for TigersBy Paul LeckerSports ReporterSTRATFORD — The Spencer and Stratford softball teams were locked into a pitcher’s duel as both of teams’ aces dominated the opposition’s potent lineups.Something had to give eventually, and it was Stratford that finally pushed a run across.Cassidy VanDerLeest knocked in pinch runner Madisyn Daul with a single in the bottom of the sixth inning to plate the game’s only run as the Tigers beat Spencer 1-0 in a nonconference game Friday at Hilgemann Field.Kiana Weiler struck out six for Stratford, and Tiffany Meinders had four strikeouts for Spencer as both starting pitchers were on top of their games. Neither walked a batter, and both scattered seven hits.Weiler was able to keep the hard-hitting Rockets off-balance with a variety of pitches.Spencer second baseman Sadie Mercier kneels on second base for a force out after fielding a ground ball during the Rockets’ softball game at Stratford on Friday.“She was really good at getting ahead in the count, and then she gets even better,” Spencer coach Jason Gorst said. “We need to be more aggressive going after strike one and strike two because once she has two on you, she’s very, very tough.”With the victory, Stratford (17-6) snapped Spencer’s 17-game winning streak. Seven different Rockets (17-5) had hits in the loss. VanDerLeest and Sammy Kaiser each had two hits for Stratford.Stratford completed a nonconference two-game sweep of Spencer, as the Tigers won on the road 5-2 back on March 31 in the season opener for both teams.“Kiana threw her changeup in different situations, full count a couple of times. She threw it early in the count,” Stratford coach Mandy Pankratz said. “We had a discussion with her and (catcher) Brittany (Bredemann) about, ‘Let’s not be predictable. Let’s throw that pitch when they expect us not to.’ She locates it well, locates her drop curve well, and she comes back with a strike when she needs it.”Both teams open WIAA playoff action next week. Stratford is the No. 5 seed in its Division 3 sectional and will play at No. 4 Prescott in a regional quarterfinal on Tuesday. Spencer earned a first-round bye as the No. 1 seed in its Division 4 bracket and will play either Spring Valley or Cadott at home Wednesday in a regional semifinal.(Hub City Times Sports Reporter Paul Lecker is also the publisher of MarshfieldAreaSports.com.)Tigers 1, Rockets 0Spencer 000 000 0 – 0 7 2Stratford 000 001 x – 1 7 0WP: Kiana Weiler. LP: Tiffany Meinders.SO: Meinders 4; Weiler 6. BB: None.Top hitters: ST, Sammy Kaiser 2×3; Cassidy VanDerLeest 2×3, RBI.Records: Spencer 17-5; Stratford 17-6.last_img read more

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