Global consumer demand for gold at unprecedented levels in 2013

first_imgConsumers around the world bought gold in record amounts in 2013, led by demand in China and India, with China becoming the world’s biggest gold market, according to the latest World Gold Council Gold Demand Trends report. In Western markets consumer demand also remained strong with the US, in particular, having a robust year in the jewellery, bar and coin sectors. In 2013 the gold market saw 21% growth in demand from consumers which contrasted with outflows of 881 t from ETFs. The net result was that global gold demand in 2013 was 15% lower than in 2012, with a full year total of 3,756 t.Annual global investment in bars and coins reached 1,654 t, up from 1,289 t in 2012, a rise of 28%, and the highest figure since the World Gold Council’s data series began in 1992.For the full year, Chinese and Indian investment in gold bars and coins was up 38% and 16%, respectively. Although much smaller markets in terms of volume, in the US, bar and coin demand was up 26% to 68 t, and in Turkey it was up 113% to 102 t, demonstrating solid support on a global basis.Meanwhile demand for jewellery, the other component of consumer demand, increased by 29% from 519 t to 669 t in China, and by 11% from 552 t to 613 t in India, reaching 2,209 t globally, the highest figure seen since the onset of the financial crisis in 2008.Marcus Grubb, Managing Director, Investment Strategy at the World Gold Council commented: “2013 has been a strong year for gold demand across sectors and geographies, with the exception of western ETF markets. Specifically, it was the year of the consumer. Although demand has continued its shift from West to East, the growing demand for gold bars, coins and jewellery is a global phenomenon.“Taken together, the statistics demonstrate the resilience of the gold market and the unique nature of gold as an asset class, rebalancing to reflect the economic environment.”The key findings of the report are as follows:Consumers remain key drivers in the demand for gold. Globally, consumers bought 3,864 t of gold last year, 21% higher than in 2012. Jewellery demand for the year rose 17% to 2,209 t, while investment in bars and coins was up 28% to 1,654 tChina and India both recorded increased demand in 2013. Consumer demand in China rose 32% in 2013 to a record level of 1,066 t, while in India demand rose 13% to 975 tGlobal consumer demand strengthens. Across the world there were large increases in consumer appetite for gold in both emerging and developed markets. Demand in Turkey was up 60%, Thailand up 73% and the US up 18%Indian demand remained strong. Despite several import related curbs during 2013, gold demand remained buoyant, with a full-year total of 975 t compared to 864 t in 2012. We estimate that unofficial imports almost doubled compared with 2012, to compensate for the decline in official importsCentral banks. Although down 32% on 2012 they continued to be strong buyers of gold, a trend which began in 2009. 2013 saw net purchases in all four quarters, totalling 369 t, meaning 12 consecutive quarters of net inflowsThere was a net outflow from ETFs of 180 t in Q4 as investors continued to re-evaluate their portfolios in response to market conditions. In total, investors redeemed 881 t from ETFs in the full yearTechnology demand reached 405 t in 2013, virtually unchanged from the figure of 407 t in 2012.Gold demand and supply statistics for Full Year 2013Gold demand for 2013 was 3,756 t, 15% lower than for 2012Average price of gold for the year was $1,411/oz, down 15% on 2012Global demand for jewellery was 2,209 t for the year, up 17% on 2012Globally, there was record bar and coin demand for the year, which was up 28% on 2012, to 1,654 tTotal supply for the year was 4,340 t, down 2% compared to 2012.Consumer demand in China was up 4% in Q4 2013 compared with the same period last year. Consumer demand in India fell by 16% to 219 t. Overall, global jewellery demand was up 6%, while total bar and coin fell 6%. Central banks were net purchasers of gold for the 12th consecutive quarter, while there were outflows totalling 180 t from ETFs in the quarter.Fourth quarter gold demand of 858 t was 29% lower than Q4 2012The average price of gold in this quarter was $1,276/oz, down 26% on Q4 2012Global demand for jewellery was 554 t in the quarter, up 6% on last yearThe consumer investment sector again saw solid bar and coin demand, with the figure slipping just 5% to 327 t compared to Q4 2012There was a net outflow from ETFs of 180 t, as investors continued to re-evaluate their portfolios in response to market conditionsNet central bank purchases totalled 61 tDemand in the technology sector was stable once again, totalling 96 t, unchanged from the same period last yearTotal supply for the quarter was 1,124t, up 2%.The Full Year 2013 Gold Demand Trends report can be viewed at and on the World Gold Council’s investment iPad app which can be downloaded from read more

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